History of Mathematics Web Sites

There is a phenomenal amount of material on the Internet dealing with the history of mathematics. Below are listed some of the best sites I know of. If you don't find what you need here, then try a search.
This page is maintained by David Calvis of the Department of Mathematics and Computer Science of Baldwin-Wallace College.

"Everything" sites

Mathematical MacTutor History of Mathematics
This award-winning site is a flagship Internet location for the history of mathematics, and is a "must-see" because of the wealth of information it contains. Here you will find biographies of mathematicians, histories of individual mathematical topics, timelines, search capabilities and much more. Start with the information for new users.
David Joyce's History of Mathematics Page
As a complement to the MacTutor History, here is a wealth of further information on the history of mathematics, including timelines, chronologies, archives, links to other sites and more. As you explore, try Euclid'sElements on-line and Prof. Joyce's home page.
Mathematics Archives - Topics in Mathematics - History of Mathematics
Just a branch of the voluminous Mathematics Archives WWW Server from the University of Tennessee.
The Mathematical Museum - History Wing
A beautiful site with links to lots of fascinating stuff on the histories of mathematics, computing, and physics and science in general.

Specialized sites

Listed in order of earliest date covered

The Abacus
A very nice site on this ancient calculating device.
History of Egyptian and Mesopotamian Mathematics Page
Earliest Known Uses Of Common Mathematical Symbols and Words.
On-line references on the origins of a great number of common mathematical conventions; also see Images of Mathematicians on Postage Stamps, by the same author.
Traditional Mathematics in Eastern Asia
This site contains substantial information about the development of mathematics in Asia.
Needham Research Institute
Deals with the history of Chinese mathematics, including the downloadable Writings on Reckoning.
Dr. Gary Stoudt's Home Page (antiquity - present)
Some nice material, especially the collection of images of original documents important to the history of mathematics.
Teaching with Original Historical Sources in Mathematics
Here Reinhard Laubenbacher and David Pengelley provide a variety of resources for using original source material to teach the history of mathematics.
Perseus Digital Library (ancient Greece)
Translations of the works of many of ancient authors, including mathematicians. Euclid's Elements includes the legendary commentary of Sir T. L. Heath, with links to Heath's frequent citations of other classical authors
Introduction to the works of Euclid
A fine book-by-book outline of the Elements and a good source on other works by Euclid.  Very helpful bibliographic information also.
Archimedes Home Page
A very fine site dealing with all aspects of Archimedes' life and work.
Archimedes Palimpsest
"The subject of this website is a manuscript of unique importance to the history of science, the Archimedes Palimpsest..."
Archimedes' Approximation of Pi
A very nicely-done site giving full details of Archimedes' famous proof.
Hannibal Barca and the Punic Wars
Search on Archimedes, a casualty of the Second Punic War.
Raphael's "The School of Athens"
Among the cast of this famous painting are Plato and Aristotle, Euclid (wielding his compass, naturally) and Ptolemy.
Vatican Mathematics Exhibit (300 B.C. - 1500)
This is actually an Internet representation of a Library of Congress exhibit from 1993 dealing with the Vatican Library and Renaissance culture. Annotated Greek and Latin manuscripts of mathematics and astronomy, including big images of the Pythagorean Theorem in Euclid's Elements, the beginning of Archimedes'"On Conoids and Spheroids" and much more.
Biographies of Woman Mathematicians (400 - present)
This site is actually an ongoing student project at Agnes Scott College, a women's college in Georgia, and contains a wealth of information on the contributions of women to mathematics.
Ptolemy's Table of Chords
Damascius:The Life of Hypatiafrom The Suda
A translation of one of the source materials on Hypatia of Alexandria.
Institute and Museum of History of Science (Florence) (c. 1500's on)
This is a fascinating and extremely well-done site containing a wealth of material on the history of science in the Tuscan region (area near Florence, Italy), and especially on the work of Galileo.
"During the Edo period (1603-1867) Japan was cut off from the western world. But learned people of all classes, from farmers to samurai, produced theorems in Euclidean geometry. These theorems appeared as beautifully colored drawings on wooden tablets which were hung under one of the roof in the precincts of a shrine or temple. The tablet was called a SANGAKU which means a mathematics tablet in Japanese. . . ."
The Galileo Project (Rice University) (1564 - 1642)
If it's Galileo's life and work that you're interested in, then this well-done and extensive site is the place.
Trinity College (Ireland) History Page (c. 1600 - 1870)
Contains considerable material on a wide variety of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century mathematicians.
Gauss proved in 1796 that the regular polygon of seventeen sides is constructible using compass and straightedge.  Here is an explicit construction of, and lots of other information about, the regular 17-gon.  Also visit the rest of  Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics (a.k.a. MathWorld), as well as Eric W. Weisstein's home page.
Fred Rickey's Home Page
Prof. Rickey is a recognized leader in the study and teaching of the history of mathematics, and his pages are a valuable resource.
History of Mathematics E-Mail Discussion Lists
There are at least two such lists active at present, the MAA History List and the Historia Matematica mailing list; each of these maintains a searchable archive.
History of Math - AMS/MAA
Describes the mathematical archiving project carried on jointly by these organizations.
The Oughtred Society
Everything about slide rules!  Also see JavaSlide:  The WWW's Very First Java Slide Rule.
British Society for the History of Mathematics

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