The History of the Pentateuch

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Priestly Torah (P)

Type the text for P here

South Narrative (J)

Type the text for J here, etc...

North Narrative (E)

Deuteronomic Torah (D)

c. 950 BCE

c. 721 BCE Fall of Northern Kingdom

JE c. 700 BCE

597-538 BCE Babylonian Exile

587 BCE Fall of Jerusalem

c. 550 BCE

JED

JED+P (c.400 BCE)

Egyptian

Palestinian

Babylonian

Samaritan

Jerusalem

Maccabean

LXX (165BCE)

Qumran

Proto-Masoretic

Targums

Samaritan Pentateuch

Consonantal Text--Jamnia--100 CE

II AD Christian

Aquila, Theodotion

Old Latin

Syriac

Vulgate 405 CE

Palestinian

Babylonian

Karaites

Medieval Masoretic

Ben Asher

Ben Naphalti

Ben Hayyim 1524 CE

Samaritan

Written Tradition

Oral Tradition

Masoretic

Peshitta

Vulgate

Septuagint

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Credits: My thanks to Dennis A. Somerville, for creating the image map, and to Prof. Jonathan Z. Smith, for the class handout 20+ years ago that inspired this web page.     Date last modified: April 20, 2002.     To send me comments by email, select this link. To visit the BW Religion Department home page, select this link. Robert M. Fowler, Department of Religion, Baldwin-Wallace College, 275 Eastland Road, Berea, Ohio 44017, USA. 216-826-2173 (voice) 216-826-3264 (fax)
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