By: Andrew Pixley
15 January 2001

This article is the longer original first draft of a similarly
titled article that originally appeared in Issue #53/54 of _Time
Space Visualizer_, the Journal of the New Zealand Doctor Who Fan

     "By Any Other Name" was another storyline submitted by
Jerome Bixby, although the writer admitted that on this occasion
he had not paid particularly close attention to the series'
bible.  His tale of aliens from Andromeda wanting to take over
our galaxy because of radiation levels was a rather down-beat
piece.  It was therefore up to script consultant Dorothy Fontana
to inject some more humour and conflict into the final draft
script, dated Tuesday 07 November 1967.  Shooting took place from
mid-November... and the episode debuted on the NBC network on
Friday 23 February 1968 when viewers saw the classic sequence in
which Mr Scott got one of the Kelvan drunk, one of Fontana's
proud additions, for the first time...

Sorry, wrong series.

     There has been much debate recently over what the serial
titles for the William Hartnell _Doctor Who_ serials up to and
including "The Gunfighters" are.  A new fan must find all this
confusing - until they take a quick look at the reference books
and realise that even these don't actually line up.  There are
those who cite the books as bearers of the official titles. 
There are others who - just as rationally - stand firm for the
BBC videos.  Others place their faith in documentation, unearthed
from musty files like buried treasure.  Tradition and popular
demand also have staunch supporters.  Still more couldn't care
less as long as they can get to see the things.
     And since the whole thing strikes me as particularly futile
and trivial, I feel that I'd be letting the side down if I didn't
put my tenpenneth in as well.  So for what it's worth (which
you'll soon realise is nothing), this is the sorry state that we
have got ourselves into over the last 35 years.
     So, let's start at the beginning shall we?  This is - as
somebody once said - a very good place to start.  Our journey
won't be a strictly chronological one I'm afraid as there are
various eras to consider: the Production Era, the Wilderness Era
and the Fandom Era.  You'll see the problems as they arise.  And
there will be diversions (clearly signposted) along the way.


     This was originally commissioned on Monday 14 June 1963 from
Anthony Coburn simply as "Dr Who" - with a partial rewrite of
some of CE Webber's material.  However, with Coburn leaving the
services of the BBC, this serial had to be recommissioned as "Dr
Who and the Tribe of Gum" which is identified as a "(working
title)" on the paperwork.  Oh ... for those of you unsure as to
what "working title" means, it means "we don't really like this
but it'll do for now as a point of reference and we'll probably
come up with something better as we go along".  Sometimes they do
come up with something better... sometimes they don't.  Sometimes
they come up with something far, far (far) worse.
     The storyline and subsequent story breakdown which hail from
late June/early July are simply entitled "Doctor Who - First
Serial".  Clearly, titles were not something of paramount
importance to Coburn and the production team at this point.  Then
we have the revised version of the "Doctor Who: General Notes et
al" document from around this time, which refers to it as "The
First Story".  The Tuesday 2 July planning document by Ayton
Whitaker indicates it as being "Serial No. 1" and it is not until
this is revised on Thursday 18 July that it is again called "Dr
Who and the Tribe of Gum".  Get the idea - frequently we don't
need titles at point.  It's simply enough to number the serials. 
After all... we haven't even made any yet.  And oh look, here's a
document from story editor David Whitaker about the first four
serials which calls it "First Serial", although somebody has
written in "The Tribe of Gum" alongside it.
     Now note this carefully.  We've had a first title change. 
Very slight and minor, but still worth looking at a bit more.

[Author Aside #1]


     From 1963 up to 1970 it was usual for production paperwork
to refer to serials as 'Dr Who and the Whatever'.  Some purists
take these versions as being the gospel truth, but let's look a
bit more at this shall we?  For example, at the end of numerous
Hartnell and Troughton serials post-Serial Z there would be a
caption slide saying things like "Next Episode: Dr Who and the
Savages" or "Next Week: Dr Who and the Highlanders" or "Next
Week: Dr Who and The Moonbase" or "Next Week: Dr Who and The
Macra Terror".  But, sure enough, whenever you tuned in it would
be the plain, boring ol' "The Savages" or "The Highlanders" or
"The Moonbase" or "The Macra Terror".  In other words, this form
is merely an amalgam of the series title and the serial title. 
Look at many of the Hartnell and Troughton camera scripts and the
cover or interior pages still say things like "Dr Who and the
Power of the Daleks" or "Doctor Who and the Smugglers".  The BBC
publicity photographs (more of them later) would frequently carry
these 'titles' as well with "Doctor Who and the Dominators" and
"Doctor Who and the Krotons" and many others.  The Synopses for
the Deaf did this too (e.g. "Dr Who and the Colony of Devils" and
"Dr Who and the Wheel in Space") ... we'll come back to them too. 

     And then on Monday 15 December 1969 it all went horribly
wrong as a BBC camera lined up on the caption slide "Doctor Who
and the Silurians".  It wasn't meant to say that of course.  It
was just meant to say "The Silurians".  But - whoops - we had a
new producer and presumably somebody new in the graphics
department.  I mean ... even the rehearsal script refers to the
serial as "The Silurians".  It is noticeable that after this
hiccup, there is some paperwork with "Doctor Who and the Carriers
of Death/Doctor Who and the Ambassadors of Death" and then all
the documentation which did read "Doctor Who and Project Inferno"
is hastily sno-paked or re-typed "Doctor Who - Inferno".  After
that, nobody bothered.
     There are of course exceptions - there had to be hadn't
there.  If memory serves (and is supported by graphics order
forms), then the first _Doctor Who_ compilation broadcast on
Tuesday 28 December 1971 was indeed subtitled "Doctor Who and the
Daemons".  And of course the opening credits of the second Jon
Pertwee radio serial were announced not as "Doctor Who - The
Ghosts of N Space" but as "Doctor Who and the Ghosts of N Space",
in spite of the closing credits and the _Radio Times_ listings.  
     Although I shall not force my views on others, I personally
discount the "Dr Who and..." pre-fix (apart from "Doctor Who and
the Silurians", "Doctor Who and the Daemons" and "Doctor Who and
the Ghosts of N Space").  Most of them are cumbersome and
grammatically horrible, and were clearly convenient amalgams for
the crew.  Additional 'working titles' almost.


     So... back at the plot we're already over 1000 words in,
encountered our first problem and because of a cheap gag at the
beginning we've not even finished the first serial.  Let's press
     An undated document called "Dr Who - Notes of a Preliminary
Promotion Meeting" from around August gives the first story as
"Dr Who and the Tribe of Gum" but it's back to "First Serial" on
Monday 16 September in a synopsis list from Whitaker.  See - the
titles just weren't important to the crew, only to people who
needed to sell the thing (and of course really sad people who
feel the urge to write about it 35 years later).  Whitaker is
still referring to the scripts by the 'working title' of "Doctor
Who and the Tribe of Gum" on Tuesday 17 September when he
receives and accepts them - indeed this is the title on the
existing rehearsal script for the first episode.  They are
described in a late September schedule as Serial 1 about
"Paeolithic Man"[sic] - a term or phrase jotted down to give a
favour or description of the serial in question rather than a
title.  This is the first use of what I shall call a 'descriptor'
in this article.  Pay attention - there will be more, of greater
importance than this example.  Don't worry though, by early
October another scheduling document carries the ever-faithful
"Tribe of Gum".  
     So - it's October.  Uncle Sydney wasn't that fond of the
pilot so we're doing it again and starting to film and record the
other episodes.  David Whitaker now prepares the Drama Synopsis
sheet on the serial.  This standard BBC pro-forma has a special
area on it headed 'Serial Title: (Internal Use)' to enter a
serial title for internal use.  And what does Uncle David write
in there?  Yup .."Doctor Who Serial 'A'".
     Then comes the piece of controversy over which so many
people have devoted so much time at so many keyboards to so many
internet postings.  The day that the third episode, 'The Forest
of Fear,' goes before the cameras at Lime Grove Studios, somebody
has to spoilt this relative spell of continuity by issuing 
"Amendment to Promotional Material: 'Dr Who'" dated 30th July
1963.  Dated Friday 1 November it gives details of the first
three serials, starting with "Dr Who and a 100,000 BC (working
title only)".

     I know, the grammar's shocking isn't it?

     Hang on, I hear you say, if they were recording this thing
by now, then we have camera scripts.  And if we have camera
scripts, then we have camera scripts with titles.  Sorry boys and
girls, but they ain't got titles on them apart from the episode
ones.  "Doctor Who" and maybe "Serial A".  That's your lot.  Even
the "Dr Who and the Tribe of Gum" from the rehearsal versions
have gone.  Oh yes ... to clarify my script terminology for the
uninitiated, I shall refer to three versions in order of
chronology: a draft script (a rough version typed by a writer), a
rehearsal script (the writer's submitted script or more likely a
BBC re-type) and a camera script (the director's amended
rehearsal script with cuts made and all the technical details
added to it).
     So, if there's nothing internal for the makers to latch
onto, what titles were used at the time for the viewer to get a
handle on what was happening?  Was there anything in the
venerable Auntie-based publication _Radio Times_?  Yes, there was
a half-page feature plugging the show entitled "Dr Who".  No,
there wasn't a title there.  But what about all those photographs
issued to accompany the story by BBC publicity.  What was on
them?  Sorry - just the words "Doctor Who" and maybe an episode
     So, in summary, it starts as "The Tribe of Gum" and becomes
"100,000 BC" during production.
     Except it doesn't end there ...


     Terry Nation's justly legendary contribution to TV SF began
life as a hastily written storyline headed ""The Survivors" a
story line for the "'Dr Who' series" dashed off around the time
of a UK tour with Tony Hancock.  The storyline had been submitted
by Friday 12 July.  Hancock fired Nation on the first leg of
their tour while in Nottingham the following week.  By Wednesday
31 July, the six part version has been scheduled by Whitaker as
"Fourth Serial" and again an obliging scribe has written in "The
Mutants" besides this.  This is backed up by a memo of Thursday 8
August in which it is indicated that "Doctor Who and the Mutants"
is now seven episodes.  As we've already seen, titles are apt to
vanish on internal paperwork and so it becomes "Fifth Serial" in
a Monday 16 September document.  It becomes "Story 2" in a
mid-September schedule, "Second Serial" on Friday 27 September
and subsequently appears at the end of the month as "Serial 2"
described as "Mutants".  Then it changes again ...
     Around late September/early October, a document entitled
Points for Discussion - "Beyond the Sun" by Terry Nation is
drafted to highlight concerns about the story; these would appear
to be relating to draft scripts and with a director now on board. 
The title also appears on a scheduling document for around early
October which notes it as "Mutants/Beyond the Sun"; a Friday 11
October memo talks of the "Second Serial".  Then we have our old
friend "Amendment to Promotional Material: 'Dr Who'" dated 30th
July 1963 on Friday 1 November which cautiously opts for "Dr Who
and the Mutants (working title)".
     Time to check out the camera scripts: "Doctor Who - Serial
'B'".  Hmmm ... not much for definite there then.  The serial
gets a mention in Radio Times on Thursday 5 December with the
latest set of BBC Drama Synopses for the Deaf - the junior
versions of which include "the second 'Dr Who' serial in seven
episodes (December 21-February 1)".  

[Author Aside #2]


     Back in the 1960s there was no _Doctor Who Magazine_, no
bi-monthly release from BBC Video, no monthly paperback
adventures of past and future Doctors.  No, back then you had to
simply make do with having to watch a brand new episode almost
every Saturday throughout the whole year.  Now, if that wasn't
enough, a very fashionable pastime was to pretend that you were
deaf.  If you did this, then you could take advantage of the
advertisements in the _Radio Times_ which popped up every six or
seven weeks and send off to the RNID (Royal National Institute
for the Deaf) to get your Synopses For The Deaf that would help
you through key BBC Drama productions.  There were two sets of
synopses advertised in advance of transmission: an adult set for
the 'big' shows such as _Maigret_, _Z Cars_, _Detective_, _The
Troubleshooters_ and so on, and also a junior version which
tended to cover just one on-going serial.  Frequently this was
the traditional Sunday afternoon classic adaptation serial -
those for 1963/4 included _Kidnapped_, _Martin Chuzzlewit_,
_Rupert of Hertzau_, _Silas Marner_, _Smugglers Bay_ (formerly
_Moonfleet_ - starring young Frazer Hines) and _Children of the
New Forest_ (an Anthony Coburn job if memory serves rightly).
     For those determined to have their enjoyment of the new
serials ruined as each came along, the paper sheets would return
with good basic synopses covering all the major elements of the
episode's narrative for the hard of hearing; generally these ran
to 3 or 4 paragraphs, just slightly more detailed than my
synopses in the standard DWM Archives.  They were also written in
'BBC press release speak', and frequently came from early
storylines with working titles attached to them.  Great for
researchers of how a story developed these days, but probably
very maddening for hearing-impaired viewers at the time who were
trying to match it up to the images.  For example, in "EPISODE
SIX" of "Dr Who and the Colony of Devils", "Dr Who sends Jamie to
fetch sonic apparatus from the Tardis.  Jamie must also fetch his
bagpipes.  If Jamie is attacked, the noise of the bagpipes will
help him to drive off the seaweed creature.  But can Jamie escape
the poisonous gas of the weed creatures?"
     Answers on a postcard please ...


     Back to the _Radio Times_ and it's now Thursday 19 December. 
The TARDIS crew will be venturing out into the petrified forest
in two days time and there's a _Radio Times_ article entitled "Dr
Who on the Dead Planet".  Okay, so working on the above principle
that the "Dr Who on..." bit can be discarded, that leaves us with
"The Dead Planet" yes?  Well, no, because the feature specifies
"The opening episode is called 'The Dead Planet'" as if it is
purely the episodic title.  And before you ask ... I've checked
the photos and they don't have a date either ... 
     So it's probably "The Survivors" then "The Mutants" then
"Beyond the Sun" then back to "The Mutants".  Hmmm - you see how
it's not always so straightforward.
     Oh yes ... there's a science-fiction fanzine from around
this time which reviews the serial and refers to it as "The
Mutants".  So how the hell did they know that?


     As you can see, there's a pattern building up here. 
Commission, storyline, scripts, production schedules and then the
infamous Friday 1 November document.  So, to make things really
interesting, let's throw the whole lot into reverse.  The first
that anybody knows about this two-part curio is when "Amendment
to Promotional Material: 'Dr Who'" dated 30th July 1963 informs
us that the third (and at that time final) serial is to be "Dr
Who inside the Spaceship (working title)" - and judging by the
very brief synopsis, nobody's actually written it yet.  
     Let's take time out again here, because we've got what maybe
another exception to the rule of deleting the "Dr Who" ... bit
off these documented titles.  "Dr Who inside the Spaceship" makes
more sense than Inside the Spaceship - and clearly, given the
sketchy nature of the serial at the time - it's more of a
description of what's going to be happening in these two episodes
due to the budgetary restrictions than a title for general public
consumption.  So, we have another descriptor.
     Anyway the serial then pops up again on a document from
Tuesday 7 January 1964 - a week before rehearsals begin on the
first episode.  This memo by the way is between Donalds Wilson
and Baverstock and gives an outline of the untitled "Serials C"
to "E".  The camera scripts go for the bland epithet "Doctor Who
- Serial 'C'" - and there were no formally issued BBC photographs
to coincide with the serial.
     Checking through Whitaker's personnel file, there's no
formal commission because of course this was a rush job and he
was on staff.  On Monday 27 January, a memo refers to the serial
as plain old "Inside the Spaceship" (the prefix having been
surgically removed), but Whitaker isn't formally cleared to write
the scripts as story editor until  Monday 10 February ... by
which time the thing's going out on BBCtv.
     On Thursday 6 February, the Dr Who feature in _Radio Times_
carries a rather nice piccy of the crew in the TARDIS and the
text contains a hidden pointer to the title; the introductory
blurb says that the traveller's next adventure will take place
"inside their unusual space ship".  A coincidence of phraseology? 
     So.  A fairly simple one so far. Looks like it's "Inside the
     For the moment ...


     John Lucarotti's magnificent octopus first appears on
schedules as early as the Tuesday 2 July 1963 Ayton Whitaker
document - although this is an assumption since at this point it
is purely listed as "Serial No.3".  On Tuesday 9 July, Lucarotti
was commissioned by Whitaker for a set of scripts apparently
entitled "A Journey to Cathay", and went off pleased as punch
back to his boat in Corsica to start work for the Beeb.  Thus,
the revised planning document of Thursday 18 July adds the
routine opening words and names "Serial No.3" as "Dr Who and a
Journey to Cathay".  As usual, the Wednesday 31 July set of
synopses from Whitaker lists it as "Third Serial", but the patron
saint of researchers has scribbled "J. to Cathay" in pen in the
margin.  The August-ish undated "Dr Who - Notes of a Preliminary
Promotion Meeting" also confirm that "Dr Who and a Journey to
Cathay" will be coming out of trap three.
     It's still "Third Serial" on Monday 16 September, "Story 3"
in mid-September and "Serial 3" in late September schedules,
where it's described as "Marco Polo 13th Century".  Now, it would
seem that at this point somebody finds the original title too
cumbersome, and suggests that seeing as how we all know who the
serial's really about anyway, why don't we take this as the new
title.  Thus in October, the story is still scheduled as Serial C
but now bears the name "Marco Polo/Cathay".  Now, it has to be
said that "Marco Polo"'s nowhere near as beautiful a title as "A
Journey to Cathay" - although it's more likely to get the kids
watching.  Do we have another instance here of a descriptor
becoming a title?  Opting for the best of both worlds, the blurb
writer in Radio Times for "An Unearthly Child"'s Saturday night
debut article (Thursday 21 November) says that a future serial
will see the quartet "journeying to far Cathay in the caravan of
Marco Polo".
     As filming is about to start, the Eastern epic shows up as
"Serial D" on the Tuesday 7 January memo between The Two Donalds. 
And just when you think it's all settled with the Venetian's name
- somebody has to go and send the script for 'Assassin at Peking'
out to actress Claire Davenport on Thursday 23 January and tell
her that it's the final episode of "Journey to Cathay".  

[Author Aside #3]


     As we've seen, the production team clearly regarded the
serial titles at this time as the least of their concerns when
faced with late scripts, unworkable storylines, actresses who
were already realising they'd been sold a bum deal and the
inevitable "studio talkback".  The titles didn't go in the _Radio
Times_ or on-screen so ... what the hell?  Unfortunately of
course, some of the different departments working on the stories
were using the titles.  And if these were largely informal, or
'descriptors' or changed from memo to memo ... then there was a
danger that somebody wouldn't be told the new title ... that
somebody often being the overseas copyright payments department. 
(Yes I know I promised you more of them later ... and I shall
keep my promise.)  But here we have some poor secretary sending
out scripts three months after everybody else has started calling
this mammoth trek across Lime Grove Studio D "Marco Polo" ... and
still has it in their head that it's "Journey to Cathay".  Does
this mean that the title reverted?  My personally feeling is that
it didn't, and that this was an instance of lines of
communication failing to operate ...


     Certainly by Thursday 20 January there was no 'journeying to
Cathay' any more in _Radio Times_, as the now obligatory Dr Who
article to start each serial tells the un-educated masses that
"The early explorers called the Pamir 'the roof of the world', so
that is the title of today's episode".  It concludes to
introducing the Venetian traveller who will go onto fame shortly
in his own show Catch Hand: "His name?  Marco Polo".
     The camera scripts simply proclaim themselves to be "Doctor
Who - Serial 'D'" and an undated Story Details listing from
around late February has no titles but instead offers a
description: "Marco Polo.  13th Century".  The publicity shots
fail to bear any titles - but thankfully as memo on Monday 9
March (during the last week of production) - refers to "Episode 6
of Marco Polo", proving that the January Journey to Ms Davenport
was probably a momentary hiccup.
     So, let's keep it simple here: "A Journey to Cathay" then
"Marco Polo".
     Now, we need to back-track a bit.  I mentioned a late
February listing a paragraph or so back, and this covers all the
serials already produced and in planning for that first 52 week
run.  As usual, it doesn't go a bundle on actual titles, but does
give a description of the setting for each serial.  The first is
"100,000 BC" - which by a lucky chance happens to be what we
settled on as a title.  The second is "Planet Skaro (Daleks)" -
nothing like what we've had so far.  The third is "Inside
Doctor's ship".  Well, yes ... not a million miles away from the
popular vote so far.  Obviously these are really descriptions ...
so, hang on, does this mean that "100,000 BC" is actually a
descriptor?  After all, it's not much of a title is it?  You may
as well call Serial D "1289 AD" or Serial H "1794 AD".  And "The
Tribe of Gum" does sound better as a bums-on-seats title.  So,
you see what happens.  Just when you think you're sure of
something, another bit of yellowing paper flies up and hits you
in the face to rip your theories to shreds.


     If you've had trouble following the thread so far - let me
assure you that it now gets easier.  One almost suspects that the
general confusion had by this time caught up with Verity Lambert
and her chums ... on top of which they were also now in Spring
1964 and committed to doing quite a few more of these stories
about the eccentric old man in the police box.  After all, those
BEM things have taken off ... and when a twin-world story by
Malcolm Hulke seems to be going down the tubes at short notice,
who you gonna call?  Terry Nation.  
     The requirement for the serial was discussed on Tuesday 21
January 1964, which is presumably when it was commissioned.  The
serial is in place on the late February Story Details listing and
described as "Planet Marinus", and the Monday 9 March memo refers
to "Episode 6 of The Keys of Marinus" to give the serial a name
for the first time.  There we are - no more of this 'Serial 5',
'Fifth Story', 'Story Five' rubbish from now on!  By the time
recording starts in mid-March, somebody has thought it would be a
good idea to put a name of some sort on the scripts.  This is a
good move - and hence Serial E is the first Doctor Who camera
script to have a title: "Doctor Who and the Keys of Marinus" on
the cover and "The Keys of Marinus" on the interior pages. 
Thursday 9 April saw previews in both _Radio Times_ and the
_Daily Mail_.  The former had its usual brief Dr Who
scene-setting article, but only mentioned that "the first episode
[is] called 'The Sea of Death'".  The daily press were more
useful and hyped the Voord, the new monsters in the serial "The
Keys of Marinus".  There were - however - still no titles on the
publicity photographs.
     There we go - "The Keys of Marinus".  I said it would get


     Commission on Tuesday 25 February: "The Aztecs" (allegedly)
Late February Story Details listing: "Aztecs.  5th Century"
Wednesday 1 April memo: "Doctor Who and the Aztecs"
Camera scripts: "Series F: Doctor Who and the Aztecs"
     Bingo!  "The Aztecs".  Yes ... Aztecs bingo - tremendous
fun!  However, it has to be admitted that there is still no title
on the publicity photographs ... nor does the _Radio Times_
article (entitled yet again simply Dr Who) let slip any hint of a
title on Thursday 21 May.  Furthermore, with regards the Story
Details document - consider how Aztecs could have arisen from a
'descriptor' of what the story is about.  It's simple and to the
point.  Imagine if Robert Holmes had been script editor - it
would have ended up with a title like Pyramid of Blood or
something.  But no - it's simply "The Aztecs".


     Allegedly commissioned from Peter R Newman on Tuesday 25
February as "The Sensorites" and appearing on the Story Details
document from around the same time with the description "Mind
     Thursday 20 May has a memo from Newman to his superior which
refers to the serial as "The Sensorites", and the episodes start
recording a week or so later with "Dr Who and the Sensorites"
proudly on the scripts.  The BBC's magazine _Ariel_ runs an cover
item in its June 1964 issue as "Dr Who and the Sensorites", while
both a June 1964 schedule and a music costing document from
Thursday 2 July concur with "Doctor Who and the Sensorites".
     There is still a notable lack of titles on the reverse of
BBC photographs, but there is a variation to the routine Radio
Times piece.  This item, dated Thursday 18 June, is entitled "Dr
Who: Strangers in Space"; the title hails from that week's first
episode and there is no evidence in the body text to suggest any
serial title.  But all the same, that's the title of the article
and would some people not be therefore justified in using
"Strangers in Space" as the overall name?
     All the same, it seems fairly safe to go with "The


     Okay - this one is interesting.  A "French Revolution" story
was discussed on Wednesday 18 March with Dennis Spooner - as
noted on Whitaker's Daily Sheet of Monday 16.  This led to a
formal commission on Thursday 2 April, apparently entitled "The
Reign of Terror".  Whitaker noted that he would be able to
prepare a synopsis of the six "French Revolution" episodes on
Monday 6 April.  Newman's Thursday 20 May memo about studio
allocation goes for "The Reign of Terror" while the Thursday 2
July music costing document uses the variant form "Doctor Who +
the Reign of Terror".   By the time of recording in July, all the
camera scripts are neatly entitled "The Reign of Terror" too. 
And finally, the notion of titles had even filtered through to
BBC publicity, with each 10x8 glossy now blessed with the legend
"Dr Who and the Reign of Terror" on its dorsal side.  
     But for some reason - there was one department which didn't
really like all this "The Reign of Terror" business.  Maybe it
wasn't as famous as the revolt which preceded it by 5 years, but
somebody at the _Radio Times_ really made an effort not to go
with the flow.  Or then again - maybe they were working from the
early descriptions used by Whitaker in his memos.  Whatever the
reason, the title of the article which previewed the serial on
Thursday 6 August was "Dr Who and the French Revolution".  There
wasn't a mention of the "Reign of Terror" anywhere, whereas the
text again went to lengths to indicate that the travellers find
themselves in "the middle of the French Revolution".  This
apparent stubbornness remained for some time: the article "The
Return of Dr Who" on Thursday 29 October indicated the new serial
would begin with the travellers "Where you left them - in
revolutionary France" and talked again of "the horrors of the
French Revolution".  Even in the New Year on Thursday 14 January
1965, the serial was still being referred to as being set during
"the French Revolution" in the "Dr Who and the Romans" article.

[Author Aside #4]


     Before we discount "The French Revolution" out of hand - let
us consider a little fine chronology.  The camera scripts would
have been prepared in June/July.  The photographs were taken on
Friday 24 July.  Both are named "The Reign of Terror" (or
variants thereof).  By Thursday 6 August we have "The French
Revolution".  Could it be that "The Reign of Terror" was a
working title, and that within a fortnight or so before
transmission beginning, the title had changed?
     After all - are camera scripts always the final word?  There
are indeed camera scripts for serials such as "The Vampire from
Space", "Peepshow", "Strange Matter" and no doubt a fair few
others which were changed in the nick of time before recording or
in editing between the wrap in studio and transmission.  And in
these days when there were no on-screen titles, the production
team would have even more flexibility to announce - only days
before transmission "Oh yes, we've changed our minds.  We'll call
it 'The French Revolution' instead of 'The Reign of Terror'".
     It could happen.


     So, let's leave this one as most likely being "The Reign of
Terror", but then again possibly changing to "The French
Revolution" at the eleventh hour.
     Right - we're now at the end of Season One in transmission
and so we can catch up on pieces of miscellaneous
post-transmission paperwork to see if there's any change on our
earlier deductions.  Well, there's a schedule around June which
again gives "The Keys of Marinus" so that's OK.  The music
costing document on Thursday 2 July then has "The Keys of
Marinus" and "Doctor Who and the Aztecs".  Then we have a memo on
Tuesday 18 August which uses a few abbreviations, notably "Marco
Polo/Cathay" (see, remnants of the original title are still there
a year later), "Aztecs" and "Sensorites".  Descriptors coming
into play again?
     And of course by now, BBC Enterprises are flogging the show
around the world as fast as their little film transfer suites can
manage.  But they'll be using the final transmission titles won't
they?  They will won't they.

[Author Aside #5]


     Overseas sales generate not one but two sets of titles
(well, four strictly speaking, but I've no desire to confuse you
too much now ... we'll wait until 1974 for that).  The first -
and most consistent - is the copyright payment forms held in the
writer's files for overseas residuals.  For Season One, these are
as follows:

          Dr Who and the Tribe of Gum
          Dr Who and the Mutants
          Dr Who Inside the Spaceship
          Dr Who and a Journey to Cathay
          Dr Who and the Keys of Marinus
          Dr Who and the Aztecs
          Dr Who and the Sensorites
          Dr Who and the Reign of Terror

Well, we can agree with most of these - and it would also put pay
to the theory of "The French Revolution".  But for Serials A and
D, it looks very much as if somebody was using some rather old
paperwork - as we've seen, both "The Tribe of Gum" and "A Journey
to Cathay" were superseded during/prior to production.  However,
who's to say that the title for sale overseas are the same as for
the UK airings.  Programmes are often retitled for worldwide
distribution - for examples of series titles changing look at
_Danger Man_ becoming _Secret Agent_, or _The Good Life_ becoming
_The Good Neighbors_ or _A Fine Romance_ becoming _Ticket to
Ride_.  You get episode title changes too - in the US, the
_Danger Man_ episode "Time to Kill" is listed as "Handcuffed". 
You also got episode title changes of US film series when they go
into syndication - an there's even the issue of different prints
(I have seen two prints of the same episode of _The Avengers_ -
one entitled "The Gravediggers" and the other "The
Grave-Diggers").  And if there's no titles on-screen in the first
place and you feel "100,000 BC" won't sell anything to anyone ...
why the hell not change it?
     Now I promised you a second list didn't I.  Each serial is
also promoted with a BBC Enterprises Synopsis which is a basic
plot run down, a few selling points and latterly some cuttings
from _Radio Times_.  These also have titles in many cases - and
no, they don't match up with the copyright payment ones.  The
early serials - Serials A to D - bear no titles ... although a
supplementary pack of BBC Enterprises information on their new
series does refer to the second serial at one point as "Dr Who
and the Mutants".  Regrettably, we have been unable to track down
copies of Serials F or G, but the remaining two are:

          The Keys of Marinus
          The Reign of Terror

So that's OK.


     And so to Season Two ...


     The serial is interesting because there had been at least
two (possibly three) previous incarnations of it.  Originally the
notion of the miniaturised travellers had appeared in C.E.
Webber's "The First Story" in a document dated Wednesday 15 May
1963 - this was refined the next day as "The Giants" in the "Dr
Who - General Notes" ... document.  "The Giants" kicked around
into June when Newman had it canned, and elements were reworked
into "Serial A" (whatever it's called).  By Monday 16 September,
there was a version by Robert Gould scheduled as "Fourth Serial"
and also referred to on production memos as "The Miniscule
Story".  (Now there's an interesting variation.  Is that a title
or a descriptor?  It was very common on _Danger Man_ to have
working titles such as "The Geneva Story" or "The Paris Story"
until something snappier could be worked out.)  By late February,
the "Story Details" document shows that the team still want to do
a serial described as "Miniscule" but have no writer.  Louis
Marks is commissioned on Monday 23 March - the title is not
known.  Newman's memo of Wednesday 20 May refers to the serial as
"Miniscule", but again this is most probably a description - not
a title.  How often must a description be used before it becomes
a title?
      A memo planning the amount of film in the episodes bears
the title "Serial J 'Miniscule'" while another at the time of
recording on Thursday 20 August refers to "Doctor Who and the
Planet of Giants".  The camera scripts are simply "Serial J" -
and the BBC photographic department revert to not captioning
their output to any useful degree.  A music document dated Friday
28 August comes up trumps though with "Planet of Giants".  Then
we get all the debate over cutting up the last two episodes and
sticking them together; in a memo from Wilson to Baverstock on
Tuesday 20 October, there is reference to "the four-part serial
entitled 'The Planet of Giants'"  and also to "the "Miniscule"
     _Radio Times_ for Thursday 29 October carried a number of
references to the debut story of the new season.  In its
Highlights section that week, the publication notes that "The
space-time adventurers have reached The Planet of Giants".  There
is also an extensive article entitled "The Return of Dr Who"
which recaps on Season One and heralds "The adventure on the
Planet of Giants starting today ..." before finally declaring
once-and-for-all that "the first story is called Planet of
Giants".  The same issue also offers a batch of Synopses for the
Deaf which include "first and second adventures of 'Dr Who' (Oct
31 - Nov 21 and Nov 28 - Jan 2)" - i.e. the four-part version of
the serial.  By now, the RNID was covering more than one
children's serial each issue, and during Season Two _Doctor Who_
would get better coverage alongside _The Count of Monte Cristo_,
_Tales from Europe_, _The Strangers_, _Alexander Graham Bell_, _A
Tale of Two Cities_, _Poison Island_ and _Ripcord_.
     So, in summary shall we say an initial leaning towards
"Miniscules" in the absence of anything else, later stabilising
as "Planet of Giants".  Fortunately this is also the first
episode title.  Lucky that ...


     Quick off the mark to spot a good thing - and grateful for
being dug out of a hole when "The Hidden Planet" went down - the
production office had a Dalek rematch on the books by the time of
their late February Story Details listing - this was described as
"Daleks threaten earth".  The formal commission came on Tuesday
17 March and was apparently entitled simply "The Daleks".  Yes,
well, it's a fair description of the content isn't it?  In his
Wednesday 20 May memo, Newman refers to the serial as both
"Daleks" and then as "The Return of the Daleks" - clearly a title
of sorts was taking shape.  "The Return of the Daleks" stuck, and
is still on paperwork on Thursday 20 August as shooting in London
gets underway.  However, a music memo dated Thursday 8 October
gives the title as "The Dalek Invasion of Earth" - noting that
this is a title change.  By this time, recording was underway but
the camera scripts bear no title other than the heading "Serial
K" while the publicity photographs taken between August and
October and issued in November are entitled "Dalek Invasion of
Earth".  (I have also been reliably informed that some design
department material was headed "The Daleks in Europe!").
     As already notes, the For The Deaf synopses offered in Radio
Times on Thursday 29 October included "second adventure of 'Dr
Who'" but no title was given.  The Thursday 12 November issue
promises that "'Next Week' The Daleks Return" (not a million
miles away from a derivation of the working title) while the
cover of the _Radio Times_ the following week was "Dr Who and the
Daleks".  Inside was a feature entitled "The Daleks Are Here!"
which have little clue as to a potential serial title but did
refer to "the invasion of Earth".

[Author Aside #6]


"Dr Who and the Daleks" was of course a popular name for the
series in the 1964-1966 period as the metallic monsters from
Skaro were the prominent feature of the good Doctor's adventures. 
Many newspaper articles and interviews referred to the show as
such.  Indeed the title stuck in some areas - _TV Comic_ retitled
their comic strip thus when acquiring the rights to the Daleks in
1967, and of course the 1993 repeats of "Planet of the Daleks"
went out under the banner of "Doctor Who and the Daleks" (which
was the sign on the production office door at the time too!). 
Furthermore, we shall see that "Dr Who and the Daleks" with the
appropriate numeral was used for the first four Dalek serials at
various times... and that for some reason BBC Enterprises went as
far as referring to "Day of the Daleks" as "Dr Who and the
Daleks" when attempting to drum up foreign sales.  There was
apparently even a 1965 movie based on Serial B entitled "Dr Who
and the Daleks" so I hear...


     However, "Dr Who and the Daleks" will come back to haunt us. 
On Thursday 2 December, Lambert wrote to a concerned viewer and
referred to the first episode of "Doctor Who and the Daleks"
which went out on Saturday 21 November.  The preview for the
serial's final episode was also entitled "Dr Who and the Daleks"
in _Radio Times_ on Thursday 17 December.
     So from a requirement for "Daleks" leading to "The Return of
the Daleks" and then "The Dalek Invasion of Earth"... although
maybe it's "Dr Who and the Daleks" for public consumption.  As Mr
Hartnell would say if he was still having problems with his lines
today, "Hmmmm...."


     Ah-ha - a nice easy one.  The draft script in Autumn 1964
from David Whitaker is entitled "Doctor Who and Tanni" - clearly
a descriptor which emphasises the fact that the only function of
the two episodes are to introduce the new companion.  This was
changed by the time of filming to "Doctor Who and the Rescue", as
given on the publicity document for the serial on Friday 20
November.  A late 1964 planning schedule has "Dr Who and the
Rescue" - and For The Deaf sheets offered in _Radio Times_ on
Thursday 26 November include "Dr Who and the Rescue (Jan 2 & 9)". 
December's camera scripts were entitled simply "Serial L", but by
the time of transmission though, things were consolidated with
the article "A New Companion for Dr Who?" in _Radio Times_ on
Thursday 31 December which included the words,  "In this new
adventure, called 'Dr Who and the Rescue'".  Indeed, a revised
planning schedule at the time maintains "Dr Who and the Rescue" -
and even the publicity photographs were in agreement with this
     Little doubt here then - an initial "Doctor Who and Tanni"
and then it's "The Rescue" all the way ...


     Spooner was commissioned for this rather fun comedy on
Monday 31 August 1964, apparently under the title "The Romans"...
and that's the way it stays.  Just to go through the motions, the
late 1964 schedule has "Dr Who and the Romans", the publicity
document on Tuesday 1 December has "Doctor Who and the Romans",
the inner pages of the camera script in December/January have "Dr
Who and the Romans" on their inner pages, it's still "Dr Who and
the Romans" on a January 1965 era planning document, the _Radio
Times_ on Thursday 14 January promotes its debut with an article
entitled "Dr Who and the Romans".  Only the BBC photographs
remain silent on the subject... but basically, it's "The Romans".


     Bill Strutton was commissioned for his surreal tale of giant
insects on Monday 28 September with the title being "Doctor Who
and the Webbed Planet".  This version of the title appears to die
out early on (but will come back to haunt us - never fear) as on
the late 1964 schedule it's "The Web Planet".  The film schedule
is also entitled The Web Planet although the camera scripts opt
for plain old boring "Serial N" (the publicity shots too politely
decline any form of title).  _The Daily Telegraph_ announces the
Zarbi to the world with pictures released from the Ealing film
session on Wednesday 6 January and states that the new serial is
called "The Web Planet" - this comes straight from the
promotional document issued around this time.  At the same time,
a revised planning schedule is still "The Web Planet".  On
Thursday 11 February, good old _Radio Times_ gives the Zarbi and
_Doctor Who_ a cover slot again with the banner "Dr Who on the
Web Planet" and inside the article confirms beyond a shadow of
doubt that Saturday will see "the first episode of 'The Web
     Thus we have an early "The Webbed Planet" turning into the
less grammatical "The Web Planet" and staying that way.

[Author Aside #7]


     There's a little brown envelope hidden in a production file
which contains four sheets of thin typing paper on which somebody
with a biro has attempted to work out the serial titles in 1965
... and hasn't made a very good job of it.  We'll look at three
of these sheets now which form two lists  ... well, three
actually, but this first one doesn't get very far.  I'm not sure
who these were written by, but I would imagine that it was
somebody in the production office during Spring/Summer 1965.  For
the sake of argument, I believe it could be in-coming story
editor Donald Tosh.  And all the poor bloke wants is a list of
titles and episodes.  Is that too tricky for him?
     The author's first list begins: 

          A     Dr Who & the Tribe of Gum
          B     Dr Who & the Robots
          C     Dr Who & the journey to Cathay

...and is then abandoned when they realise they've gone
completely wrong, and copying out the "Dr Who - Notes of a
Preliminary Promotion Meeting" titles from around August 1963
bears no resemblance to what happened at all.
     The author starts again - this time to list each serial by
letter with the episode titles listed beneath them.  For this
they appear to be using a schedule log of episodes as recorded
and a set of listings from _Radio Times_ - and they also allocate
the first episode title to the whole serial with an arrow
swinging down into position against the first episode.  Thus it
looks something like:

          Serial F   The Temple of Evil
          2   The Warriors of Death
          3   The Bride of Sacrifice
          4   The Day of Darkness 

     The only serial to be blessed with an independent title and
not just that of the first episode is "Serial H   The Reign of
Terror"  (gosh - it must have been well documented).  But then
things go askew.  The writer knows that "Serial J" is four
episodes, and takes these to be 'Planet of Giants' to 'World's
End'.  Hence 'Serial K' is 'The Daleks' to 'The Powerful Enemy',
"Serial L" is 'Desperate Measures' and 'The Slave Traders'.  And
then - because 'Conspiracy' did not get a _Radio Times_ listing
in the London/Midlands area - "Serial M" is 'All Roads Lead to
Rome' to 'The Zarbi'.  The author then realises that he only has
four titles to fill up "Serial N"'s six episode slots and gives
up.  He then makes a new attempt on another sheet which lists the
titles for "P   The Crusade", "Q   The Space Museum" and "R   The
Chase" - although this may have been compiled at a slightly later
     The third list is an attempt to list just the serial titles
from Serials A to N (with an untitled Q tagged on the end).  The
writer ends up with:
          A   Dr Who + 100,000 BC
          B   The Mutants
          C   Inside the Spaceship
          D   Marco Polo
          E   Keys of Marinus
          F   Dr Who + the Aztecs
          G   Dr W + the Sensorites
          H   Dr Who + the Reign of Terror
          J   Planet of Giants/Miniscule
          K   Dalek Invasion of Earth
          L   Dr W + the Rescue
          M   Dr W + the Romans
          N   The Web Planet

So "100,000 BC" is back in business and Miniscule is still a
valid alternative.  Apart from that it's not too bad - if a
little rough round the edges.



     Meanwhile back at the ranch... Whitaker was apparently
commissioned for "The Crusade" on Sunday 1 November 1964, and
it's on the schedules for late 1964 but with no title.  By
January 1965's schedule, it's become "Dr Who and the Crusade" and
the camera scripts in March are clearly titled "Serial 'P' (The
Crusade)" - although the bracketed title appears to be a later
addition.  Now, this is where it gets weird.  BBC Publicity
decide to put names on the photos again ... and those taken for
the first episode on Friday 5 March are entitled "Dr Who and the
Saracen Hordes" - while those taken a fortnight later for the
third episode are noted as "Dr Who and the Crusaders".  So what
is this - is "The Saracen Hordes" an earlier working title which
the photographic people hadn't caught up with the changes on, or
did they suddenly decide during recording that, yes, we'll have a
title change, and then two weeks later, yes, we'll have another
title change?
     By the time we get to transmission, _Radio Times_ on
Thursday 18 February promises next week there will be a story
"set during the Crusades".  But the following week, the article
is entitled "Dr Who and The Lionheart" - another title?  After
all, King Richard is the prominent feature of the serial.  There
is no definite serial title in the text, although again there is
the phrase "in the days of the Crusades".
     Bit of a mess eh?  Possibly begins as "The Crusade" then
switches back and forth with doses of "The Saracen Hordes" and
possibly "The Lionheart".  Hmmmm...


     Glyn Jones' serial may be badly documented - but it's
consistent.  Commissioning is obscure, but it was on the late
1964 schedules as "The Space Museum" and is also listed as such
in the January 1965 revisions.  The camera scripts read "Series
'Q' - The Space Museum" - even if there's no name on the photos. 
The _Radio Times_ on Thursday 22 April then has an article
entitled "Dr Who and the Space Museum" with the reassuring
phrases "The new story ... 'The Space Museum'" and "'The Space
Museum' has been written by Glyn Jones ...".  
     It's "The Space Museum" - I think we can agree on that.

[Author Aside #8]


     A document entitled "The History of Doctor Who" was produced
around April 1965 for the benefit of incoming producer and story
editor John Wiles and Donald Tosh - presumably the authors were
therefore Verity Lambert and Dennis Spooner.  This covered
Serials A to DC (the last few serials having not entered
production at this time - evidenced by references to 'Michael'
rather than 'Steven') with a very brief description.  With a
single exception, this document did its utmost to eschew titles
of any sort.  All the same, as usual elements of the titles still
found their way in.  Serial A refers to being set in "100,000
BC".  Serial C is "A 2-part story set in the space-ship". 
Hedging their bets on Serial D - the writer described this as "A
7 part adventure dealing with a journey to Cathay by Marco Polo". 
The only time where we strike lucky with a title is Serial E,
noted as being "A 6 part serial "The Keys of Marinus" ...".  As
may be expected, Serial F was "revolving around the Aztecs" and
Serial G was a "story with the Sensorites" (wouldn't it be lovely
if the writers of Friends had been around - then we'd have all
those wonderfully self-aware titles like The One With The
Sensorites or The One With Koquillion - much easier!).  It would
seem that the author followed the Radio Times thinking on Serial
H with its description as a "French Revolution story", while
Serial K had "the Daleks invading Earth" and Serial P was the
"Richard the Lionheart story".



     Terry Nation's third Dalek serial was commissioned -
appropriately enough - as "Doctor Who and the Daleks (III)" on
Wednesday 16 December 1964. Following the logic of the earlier
observations about "Dr Who and the Daleks", possibly this makes
Serial B "Dr Who and the Daleks" and Serial K "Dr Who and the
Daleks (II)" on bits of paper that we have yet to find.  It was
on the schedules by late 1964 but had no title - and had not
acquired one by January 1965's revision.  The basic outline was
submitted to Lambert on Monday 10 January, and it is probably
around now that the title "The Pursuers" is adopted, as this is
what appears on the storyline document.  However, the descriptor
of "Dr Who and the Daleks III" is still being used on memos about
Nation's scripts on Wednesday 24 March - a few weeks before
filming by which time the scripts are in.  The camera scripts
though revert to "Serial 'R' - The Chase", supported by the
photographs ("Dr Who and the Chase"), the promotional document
("The Chase") and the two offers of For The Deaf Synopses ("Dr
Who - The Chase 1-3" on Thursday 13 May and "Dr Who - The Chase
4-6" on Thursday 10 June).  The _Radio Times_ again has the
casting vote with its Thursday 20 May issue in which it has an
article entitled "Dr Who and the Chase" and contains the words,
"'The Chase', the new adventure which begins today ...".
     So - "Daleks (III)" becomes "The Pursuers" but seems to be
most definitely "The Chase".


     And so another season draws to a close... with a slightly
awkward one.  Being another quick in-house job to establish a new
companion by the out-going story editor, the commissioning
details are very vague (clearance seems to have been given around
Monday 15 March).  The film schedule and camera scripts both
refer to it as "Serial 'S'" with no title in the May/June period. 
A document looking at the film content of each episode refers to
it as "Dr Who and the Monk"  (David Maloney also commented that
the serial was originally called "The Vikings" until they
realised they had more Saxons than Vikings and re-titled it "The
Saxons"... I think we can probably put this one down to a cheap
gag - of either period or retrospective origin).  The promotional
document from around June goes for "The Time Meddler", and on
Thursday 10 June, _Radio Times_ offered For The Deaf sheets on
"Dr Who - The Time Meddler 1-2".  The _Radio Times_ preview
article, "Dr Who", on Thursday 1 July failed to give any clues to
a title - nor were there any on the flipside of the photos.  But
the following week, the For The Deaf advert again confirmed the
title when offering storylines to "Dr Who - The Time Meddler 3
and 4".  
     Therefore, "Serial S" starts off rather vaguely, was
probably "The Monk" for a while and then became "The Time
Meddler" on a fairly definite basis.
     Well, as we've got a few weeks to kill now before the new
season, we've got time for a quick round-up of any other bizarre
post-production titles which have sprung up during 1964/5.  
     Alongside the article on "The Return of Doctor Who" in
October 1964, there were a number of photographs from Season One. 
One of the Sensorites was comfortingly captioned "The Sensorites
- the weirdest creatures yet" (which we were already fairly
certain about) but that for Serial A is captioned "The first
adventure - in the Stone Age".  Oh come on ... surely this is
just a photograph caption I hear you cry.  Yes, that's what I'd
say too if it wasn't for the accompanying article also describing
the serial as being in "the Stone Age period".  I agree that this
could be a coincidence, but it seems to be a stock phrase, a
mantra almost as repetitive as "100,000 BC" was a year earlier.  
     The promotional document on "The Rescue" on Friday 20
November 1964 has a quick biography on writer David Whitaker
which includes his previous _Doctor Who_ credit as "In the
Spaceship" - hopefully a typist's minor aberration.  Then on
Friday 11 December, 1964, that woman Lambert is writing to
viewers again, and refers to the first serial as "The Paleolithic
Age".  It's tempting to go "Oi!  Lambert!  No!" at this point ...
but then again there was all this "Stone Age" business about six
weeks earlier.  Were the production office rewriting history
already by this time?
     Then there's the promotional document on "The Time Meddler"
around June 1965 which we referred to earlier.  This has a
biography on director Douglas Camfield in which his previous
serials are referred to as "Doctor Who and 10,000 BC", "Marco
Polo" and "Doctor Who and the Crusades".  While the last two are
more nice pieces of confirmation - I think we must put the former
down to a lack of typing skills by whoever prepared the document,
and would seem to discount the earlier fancies of both _Radio
Times_ and Ms Lambert.

[Author Aside #9]


     Well ... now the second season's been out at home, we can
start selling it abroad.  This time around, the copyright
payments to writers are done under the following titles:

          Dr Who and the Planet of Giants
          Dr Who and the Daleks
          Dr Who and the Rescue
          Dr Who and the Romans
          Dr Who and the Webbed Planet
          Dr Who and the Crusades   
          Dr Who and the Space Museum
          Dr Who and the Daleks III
          Dr Who and the Time Meddler

Right... well, we're fine with most of these really.  "Dr Who and
the Crusades" possibly confirms the confusion on Serial P... and
we can probably put "Dr Who and the Webbed Planet" down to either
somebody at payments with a good grasp of the English language or
somebody working from the original commissioning title.  The real
hum-dingers are "Dr Who and the Daleks" for the invasion of Earth
storyline and "Dr Who and the Daleks III" for the chase one -
again, do these hail from the commissioning forms?

And obviously - by now - you're not naive enough to expect the
BBC Enterprises synopses to match up 100% with these are you?

          Planet of Giants
          The Dalek Invasion of Earth
          Doctor Who and the Rescue
          Dr Who and the Romans
          The Web Planet
          The Space Museum
          The Chase
          The Time Meddler

Well - that "The Dalek Invasion of Earth", "The Chase" and "The
Web Planet" make me feel a lot happier.  Sorry ... can't find
Serial P (and yes it was sold abroad!).


     Before we start on Season Three, here's the fourth of the
hand-written lists I promised you earlier.  Where it fits in with
things ... well ... just take a look at it!

        A   Dr Who & 100,000 BC
        B   Dr Who & the Mutants
        C   Inside the Spaceship
        D   "Marco Polo"
        E   Dr Who & the Keys of Marinus
        F   Dr Who & the Aztecs
        G   Dr Who & the Sensorites
        H   Dr Who & the Reign of Terror (Made up)
        J   Dr Who & the Planet of Giants
        K   Dr Who & the Dalek Invasion of the Earth
        L   Dr Who & the Rescue
        M   Dr Who & the Romans
        N   Dr Who & the Web Planet
        P   Dr Who & the Crusade
        Q   Dr Who & the Space Museum
        R   Dr Who & the Chase
        S   Dr Who & the
        T   Dr Who & the Chumblies
            Also Dalek Cutaway
        U   Dr Who & the Trojans
        V   Dr Who & (Battle of Wits)
        W   Dr Who & the Massacre of St Bartholomew (Made  up)
        X   Dr Who &
        Y   Dr Who & the Trilogic Game
        Z   Dr Who

God knows when this comes from... or even if it was all written
on the same date!  Certainly it comes after early July as this
was when Lucarotti was commissioned for his 1572 story after the
Viking one went down the tubes.  Yet Serial Y had been
commissioned by that time as "The Ark" from Erickson in May, and
was switched to Serial X in June - so why is this title AWOL? 
Also, "The Celestial Toymaker" was commissioned from Hayles under
this title in late July.  Serial Z wasn't commissioned until
November 1965, and Serial AA not until January 1966 - so it's
acceptable for them to be undefined.  This would tend to place it
between August and October 1965.
     But if it's August to September 1965, then why hasn't Serial
S got a name - despite the fact that this was on promotional
documents in June?  Furthermore, what's all this (Made up)
business ... I can understand it against Serial W where the
scripts may not have been in (although they weren't called
Massacre of anything at this time), but as we've seen, Serial H
is fairly definitely "The Reign of Terror" (assuming you don't
work for the _Radio Times_...).  In fact in the second
handwritten list, it was the *only* one they *were* sure of!
     Accepting that everything from Serial S onwards is a mess...
everything up to Serial R is pretty well fitting in with what we
expected (aside from extra spurious "The"s in Serial K).

[Author Aside #10]


     Basically if the story editor at the time cannot work out
what these things are called - what chance do we mere mortals
stand 33 years later?


     There's a few other undated schedules from around this
point.  The first covers Serials T, U and V and the Dalek Cutaway
(more on this later). This has videotape numbers allocated to
Serial T only, suggesting that it's about a month before
recording of the final episode (judging by other comparable
documents on _Doctor Who_, _Adam Adamant Lives!_ and
_Counterstrike_).  This makes it around very early July.  Serial
T is referred to as "The Chumblies", and it is noted that the
title of the "Dalek Cutaway" will be "Mission to the Unknown".
Serial U has no serial title at all, but the titles of all four
episodes (as broadcast) are listed.  Serial V is 12 episodes but
has no other details apart from writers, director and designers


     Commissioning details for William Emms' serial are a bit on
the vague side but would seem to be around March/April 1965. 
When recording got underway in July, the camera scripts were
entitled "Serial 'T' Galaxy 4" - even if there was no title on
the associated publicity shots.  And then we know that there was
this weird "Dr Who & The Chumblies" job at some point too - and
indeed the undated schedule points to early July - before
recording maybe.  However, on Thursday 2 September, the RNID are
urging the hearing impaired to get their synopses for "Dr Who
four episodes (Sep 11 - Oct 2)" ... but without a title (also on
offer this year were _Hereward the Wake_, _The Stranger_ and
_David Copperfield_).  Later on in the same issue of _Radio
Times_ though is a plug for next week with "Dr Who Again" and how
he lands "on a planet in Galaxy Four".  On the previous page, the
new boxed item which lists highlights for Saturday's viewing with
Friday's listings spotlights the show's return with "'Four
Hundred Dawns', the first episode of Galaxy 4".  The next issue
had a hefty article introducing "Dr Who ... at the start of a new
adventure Galaxy Four" and also noting that "'Galaxy Four' is
written by William Emms".  Okay - so we may not know if he final
word should be letters or a numeral but it comes between 3 and 5
... and the first word sure as hell is Galaxy.  
     So then why is John Wiles writing memos on Thursday 14
October just after the bloody thing's gone out querying who
created the Drahvins and calling it "Dr Who and the Chumblies"? 
Could this mean that the hand-written list - possibly by Mr Tosh
- was correct for the September/October period, and that "Galaxy
4" had in fact become "The Chumblies" by this time?  Tricky one
isn't it?


     And if you thought that was bad ... where do you start with
a story whose code you aren't even sure of?  Look, we'll start
with the title first and handle the production pnemonics as a
box-out - the title alone seems to have upset people the most
     Tel Nation was commissioned for this one off on Thursday 25
February, apparently under the title of "Dalek Cutaway".  This is
clearly a descriptor and nothing to do with the actual plot (none
of the Daleks cut anything away at all during the episode).  On
Friday 11 June, Barry Jackson was booked on "Serial T Ep 4 &
Dalek Cutaway".  By July, a title has been allocated to this
'Dalek Cutaway' - it will be called "Mission to the Unknown". 
The camera script used in August is entitled "Dalek Cutaway -
Mission to the Unknown" - this would seem to indicate that by now
a title has been found for this 'Dalek Cutaway' item, but that
'Dalek Cutaway' is how the crew still know it.  The photographs
taken in studio are issued as "Mission to the Unknown" and the
article that introduces this one-off instalment in Radio Times on
Thursday 7 October is called "Dr Who - Mission to the Unknown". 
Furthermore, the article specifically states "The story, called
'Mission to the Unknown', is written by Terry Nation".  Now ...
if you look back at earlier serials like "Marco Polo", "The Keys
of Marinus" and "The Rescue", it is *very* unusual for the _Radio
Times_ to confuse episode titles and story titles.  Not to say
that it couldn't happen this once.  But it would seem to indicate
that by this point, "Dalek Cutaway" has been abandoned and
"Mission to the Unknown" is the kosher item - for both serial and
     So then why does the Programme-as-Broadcast entry for the
Saturday 9 October refer to it as "Dalek Cutaway - Mission to the
Unknown"?  Hey - that's the first mention of PasBs that we've had
in this article (probably some sort of a record for me!).  How
come they've not come up before Andrew?  Well - believe it or not
- none of the serial titles are given on the PasBs prior to
Serial AA barring this one.  Up till then it's all Serial 'V' or
Serial 'R' or 'L' or just the episode title.  However - are
PasB's reliable?  You can also find PasBs for "The Destructors",
"The Return of the Cybermen" and "Inferno Episode Nine" (tx:
Saturday 21 June 1969).  

[Author Aside #11]


     This week - and opinion on these things does change
frequently as we find more forgotten bits of paper - I reckon
it's "Serial T".  "DC" appears on the Wiles/Tosh introductory
document around April/May 1965.  Design drawings - such as the
one in J. Jeremy Bentham's superb _Doctor Who - The Early Years_
- give the code as "Serial T/A", and are dated Friday 9 July. 
However, even later drawings dated Tuesday 20 July say it's
"Serial T Episode 5".  And since it was the same production team
and the filming was done at the same time as "Galaxy 4" that
would make sense.  The camera scripts don't have a code - just
"Dalek Cutaway".  However, somebody at a later date has
hand-written "Series 'T' Ep:4" over the front sheet (which is
wrong).  Then again, the wipe order on the episodes' original
videotape on Thursday 17 July 1969 (which does not seem to have
been carried out) and in August 1974 (which does) refer to it as
"Serial Ta".  As usual, BBC Enterprises' 1974 "A Quick Guide to
Dr Who" loses its bottle and assigns no serial code at all to
"Dalek Cutaway (Mission to the Unknown)".  In other words - a
right bloody mess.  But the episode was made with "Galaxy 4". 
Like "The Rescue" and "The Romans".  Or "Delta and the Bannermen"
and "Dragonfire".  Even the scripts for "Dragonfire" say Serial
7F/G on them.



     "'DOCTOR WHO'  Synopsis of four episodes set in Ancient
Greece provisionally entitled : 'THE MYTHMAKERS'" proclaims
Donald Cotton's storyline for his first serial... and judging by
the fact that Steven is still called Mike, I think we can safely
date this as late April/early May 1965.  Commissioning gets
underway for the first two episodes on Thursday 13 May with "The
Mythmakers" - and a memo from John Wiles around the same time
refers to the serial as "Dr Who and the Mythmakers".  The scripts
arrive during June and are referred to the same way.  The next
two episodes are commissioned on Friday 11 June as the now
hyphenated "The Myth-Makers".  Steve Walker has a note referring
to "The Myth Makers" dated 28 July 1965.  There's no title on the
July planning schedule... and we know that in late Summer/early
Autumn there was somebody scribbling "Dr Who & the Trojans" on a
bit of paper.  By September, the camera scripts are simply
"Serial 'U'" and no name is hinted at on the BBC pub snaps.  On
Friday 1 October, the BBC drop Mr Cotton a courtesy note to tell
him that "Dr Who and the Mythmakers" will be starting on Saturday
16.  Then on Thursday 7 October, the _Radio Times_ Highlights for
next Saturday's programmes states clearly that the new serial is
"'The Myth Makers', a high comedy set at the time of the siege of
Troy".  Okay, so the following week the preview article is
entitled "Doctor Who and the Trojan War", but that's the article,
not the serial, and we can turn a blind eye to it, can't we? 
Unfortunately though, there's another planning schedule covering
Serials U, V and W - and with VT numbers allocated up to the
third episode of Serial V: this would point towards a date of the
first week of October.  And lo and behold, Serial U is called "Dr
Who and the Trojan War".   But wait!  There's yet another
schedule!  This one covers Serial U and the first six episodes of
Serial V.  Since all of these have VT numbers allocated, this
would date it as around the final week of October and Serial U is
now "The Mythmakers" again.   
     It seems that this was therefore always a version of "The
Myth Makers" (its final form) but that things to do with "The
Trojans" and "The Trojan War" were also options... or possibly
descriptors which got out of hand!


     This mammoth serial is bit trickier since it had two writers
- Terry Nation and Dennis Spooner.  Dennis got his commission
first on Monday 5 July while Terry's came on Friday 16 July - and
neither of them apparently had any titles.  Mr Nation's script
were written over the summer, and the drafts were entitled simply
"Twelve-Part Dalek Story" - the best example of a descriptor yet,
beating "Dalek Cutaway" hands down!   Yet as early as Thursday 10
June - even before commissioning - Duggie Camfield writing
correspondence which refers to "Dr Who and the Daleks Master
Plan", with a memo about the first six episodes on Monday 20
September referring to "The Daleks' Master Plan".  Gosh - watch
that apostrophe vanish and appear as if by magic.  There'll be
confusion there I'll be bound ...
    The promotional document is drafted around Friday 1 October
and gives the title as "The Daleks' Master Plan".  But in the
early October schedule, Serial V is called "Dr Who and the Daleks
(Part IV)" and has titles - as transmitted - for all 12 episodes
(despite the fact that the decision to change 'A Switch in Time'
to 'Destruction of Time' did not come until very late in the
day).  Oh dear - it's that "Dr Who and the Daleks" syndrome all
over again...  Then again, in desperation somebody had called it
"Dr Who & (Battle of Wits)" at one point... or were they getting
it confused with the episode of "The Time Meddler"?  Probably, we
shall never know...
     The camera scripts from October 1965 to January 1966 are a
right mess.  None of them have a title on the technical front
cover sheet, and those that carry a title are found on the inner
pages, generally the first sheet of what was the rehearsal

scripts.  The title page of the first script has been removed -
that's a good start isn't it?  The second and eighth are called
"The Daleks Master Plan".  The third, fourth, fifth, seventh and
ninth (i.e. largely Mr Nation's) are entitled "The Daleks' Master
Plan".  The sixth and tenth (i.e. Mr Spooner's) are entitled "The
Dalek Master Plan".  The eleventh is "Doctor Who and the Daleks'
Master Plan" while the twelfth has one Dalek going its own way
with the grammatically challenged "The Dalek's Master Plan".  Oh
yes - everyone was clearly so confused that they decided it might
be safer not to put anything on the publicity photos at all.  The
same goes for the revised late October planning schedule where
it's plain, boring old "Serial V".
     Meanwhile, the RNID are busy with some titles of its own. 
On Thursday 28 October, _Radio Times_ offered synopses for "Dr
Who - The Daleks' Master Plan (Nov 13,20,27)", well in advance of
transmission.  Thursday 11 November sees the usual preview
article, but with no hint of a title at all apart from the usual
Dr Who.  The next offer of For The Deaf sheets comes on Thursday
25 November, but now it's for "Dr Who - 'Dr Who and the Daleks'
Eps 4-8 (Dec 4 - Jan 1)".  The final batch on Thursday 6 January
1966 follows suit with "'Dr Who and the Daleks' 9-12".  


     Another debate to bring about the onset of Armageddon in
some quarters.  Well, the serial was untitled at the point of
commission from poor old John Lucarotti on Friday 9 July who - as
you recall - believed he'd been dicked around with a treat as a
result of mis-understandings by the new production team.  Tosh
acknowledges delivery of the first drafts on Tuesday 20 July as
"The War of God"... and it's still "The War of God" when the
second versions are delivered between Tuesday 28 September and
Friday 8 October.   Yet the undated, un-named scribblings over
this period refer to it as "Dr Who & the Massacre of St
Bartholomew (Made up)".  Was this Tosh attempting to stamp his
own name on Lucarotti's scripts - scripts which he would
ultimately restructure?  By the early October schedule, Serial W
is entitled "The Massacre of St Bartholomew" and has writer,
director and designer assigned - although the designer is G.
Evans at this stage (indicating the document is certainly no
later than mid-November).
     Finally the much revised scripts get to studio in January
1966 as "The Massacre of St Bartholomew's Eve" - but in an effort
to save ink or a strange game of Chinese whispers, the usual
publicity photographs end up with the moniker "The Massacre of
Saint Bartholomew (poor Bartholomew)".  The _Radio Times_ fail to
offer a title with their Dr Who article on Thursday 3 February,
but do note that the serial "is soon to culminate in the bloody
massacre of St Bartholomew's Eve".  Hey, how about that for a
title?  The Bloody Massacre of St Bartholomew's Eve?


     Paul Erickson's commission came on Thursday 27 May 1965 and
was for "The Ark" - then scheduled as Serial Y (this was before
people started scheduling twelve-part Dalek stories).  It was
still referred to as "The Ark" during delivery in August to
November, and the inner pages of all the camera scripts apart
from Episode 2 refer to it as "Doctor Who and the Ark".  With no
other scribbles on schedules or bits of typing paper, it should
be fairly easy.  But then we have the synopsis For The Deaf. 
This was offered in _Radio Times_ on Thursday 3 March 1966 as "Dr
Who episodes (Mar 5-26)" .... but I have seen a copy of this
bloody thing somewhere and am sure that on it it says "Dr Who and
the Space Ark".  This would seem to be supported by the
inconclusive titling of the preview article in the same issue:
"Dr Who and a Space Ark".  Did somebody feel at the last moment
that "The Ark" wasn't spacey enough?


     As recounted, although there's this "Dr Who & the Trilogic
Game" business some time over the summer of 1965, Brian Hayles'
much redrafted scripts began life as "The Celestial Toymaker" for
Serial Y on Thursday 29 July 1965.  The scripts were delivered as
"The Celestial Toymaker" between Monday 13 September and Thursday
9 December; a memo on Thursday 17 February refers to "Dr Who and
the Celestial Toymaker".  The camera scripts in March/April were
clearly entitled "Doctor Who and the Celestial Toymaker"... but
rather worryingly the preview piece in _Radio Times_ on Thursday
31 March announced "Dr Who plays the Trilogic Game".  Had they
been privy to the final set of scribbled notes or what?   


     So last... and by no means least (unless we're looking at
the Appreciation Index, in which case it's least by a long way)
we have Mr Cotton's wonderful tale of Wild West comedy.  It's
commissioned on Tuesday 30 November as "Dr Who and the
Gunfighters", but when the first two scripts are delivered
between Wednesday 15 December and Friday 14 January, it's "Doctor
Who & The Gunslingers".  Episodes 3 and 4 come in from Wednesday
26 to Monday 31 January as "Doctor Who & The Gunfighters", but
then payments are made on Tuesday 22 February as "The
Gunslingers".  Music memos of the period also refer to the serial
as "Doctor Who and the Gunslingers".
     April's camera scripts are all entitled "Dr Who and the
Gunfighters" on the technical cover sheets - and all the inner
pages agree apart from the inner page of Episode 2 which is still
called "Dr Who and the Gunslingers".  There's no title in the Dr
Who preview in _Radio Times_ on Thursday 28 April, but it is
observed that "Today's new adventure sees the space-time
travellers back in the days of the Wild West" (remember that -
it'll come back to haunt us).  The May 1966 edition of _Ariel_
has a photograph of filming from "Dr Who and the Gunfighters".
     Thank God on Saturday 28 May 1966, everybody tuned into a
show which opened with the title captions "The Savages" and
"Episode 1".
     Anyway, what else happened during this period?  Well on
Friday 1 October we have the promotional document for Serial V
with biographies from Mr Camfield and Mr Newbery.  They've both
worked on _Doctor Who_ before, including serials such as "Doctor
Who in the Stone Age" (what!?), "Doctor Who and Marco Polo"
(okay), "Doctor Who and the Crusade" (fine) and "Doctor Who and
the Time Meddler" (fine).  Now... think back to that 
"The Return of Doctor Who" article in October 1964.  You see, I
told you that this "Stone Age" business was more than a
coincidence... but you wouldn't listen.  Well, now we've another
one for Serial A... and at least this is one that we can all
spell.  Oh, and Frederick Muller had issued two more hardback
novels: _Doctor Who and the Zarbi_ (i.e. Serial N) and _Doctor
Who and the Crusaders_ (i.e. Serial P) in October 1965 and March
1966.  (The first in 1964 had been the descriptive _Doctor Who in
an exciting adventure with the Daleks_ adapted from Serial B -
one wonders if follow-ups such as 'Doctor Who in a moderately
exciting adventure with the Voords' or 'Doctor Who in a very
cheap adventure with the Moroks' were ever on the cards).

[Author Aside #12]


     Here's the rundown for Season Three's international jaunts,
starting with the copyright payment forms ...

          Dr Who and the Chumblies
[you weren't seriously expecting anything here were you?]
          Dr Who and the Mythmakers
          Dr Who and the Daleks Master Plan

...and that's where the sheet seem to stop in the copyright
     It would appear that these titles came from early paperwork
- supporting some of earlier observations.  Thus, it's over to
the BBC Enterprises synopses:

          Galaxy 4
          Mission to the Unknown (Dalek Cutaway)
          The Myth Makers
          The Dalek Master Plan
          Doctor Who and the Massacre
          Doctor Who and the Ark
          The Celestial Toymaker
          Doctor Who and the Gunfighters 

These titles are a bit more refined - apart from the short
version of "Doctor Who and the Massacre" with Bartholomew losing
his name-check.  Oh... by the way... a BBC Enterprises memo on
Monday 20 June 1966 indicates that the Corporation wish to sell
"Dr Who and the Chumblies" overseas.  


     So, now we pass into the Wilderness Years - where stories
had proper titles on-screen, unashamed for the whole world to
see.  Presumably BBC Enterprises kept on sending their synopses
sheets around the world - while payments against a different set
of titles was being made by the copyright department.  In May
1973, Target reprinted the first Muller novel in paperback as
_Doctor Who and the Daleks_ (that title again!).  Then in 1973,
Terrance Dicks aided _Radio Times_ with _Doctor Who_, a special
tenth anniversary tribute magazine which would have a list of all
the stories.  This is the starting point where we'll look at each
major reference work and episode guide to be issued or produced
in sequence and chart the changes and mutations of popular titles
over the years.


The magazine came out in November 1973, and - determined to cause
confusion for the next few years - for the early years the title
of each serial was given as the title of the first episode. 

          A    An Unearthly Child
          B    The Dead Planet
          C    The Edge of Destruction
          D    The Roof of the World
          E    The Sea of Death
          F    The Temple of Evil
          G    Strangers in Space
          H    A Land of Fear
          J    Planet of Giants
          K    World's End
          L    The Powerful Enemy
          M    The Slave Traders
          N    The Web Planet
          P    The Lion
          Q    The Space Museum
          R    The Executioners
          S    The Watcher
          T    Four Hundred Dawns
          T/A  Mission to the Unknown
          U    Temple of Secrets
          V    The Nightmare Begins
          W    War of God
          X    The Steel Sky
          Y    The Celestial Toyroom
          Z    A Holiday for the Doctor

Well... by the luck of coincidence they got J, N and Q right (and
T/A depending on your point of view).  And it's interesting that
it was from here that A and C were adopted as popular forms too. 


     This was a document issued by BBC Enterprises in 1974 to say
which serials they had on offer... but naturally it came in two
different versions!  It listed all the serials up to "Planet of
the Spiders" with a brief indication of content, setting and
adversary.  It also indicated which serials were available and
which were not.  How reliable this is remains to be determined -
certainly the Dr Who & prefix is used a lot with "Dr Who & The
Smugglers", "Dr Who & The Highlanders", "Dr Who & The Ice
Warriors".  We also have "The Fury From the Deep", "The Mind
Robbers", "The Spearhead from Space", "The Silurians", "The
Inferno", "The Terror of the Autons", "The Claws of Death", "The
Day of the Daleks" and "The Invasion of the Dinosaurs".  But, I
know, it's the Hartnell serials you're interested in.  Here we

          A     No Title
          B     The Mutants
          C     Beyond the Sun
          D     Marco Polo
          E     The Keys of Marinus
          F     Dr Who & The Aztecs
          G     Dr Who & The Sensorites
          H     The Reign of Terror
          J     Dr Who & The Planet of Giants
          K     Dalek Invasion of Earth
          L     Dr Who & The Rescue
          M     Dr Who & The Romans
          N     The Web Planet
          P     Dr Who & The Crusades
          Q     The Space Museum
          R     The Chase
          S     The Time Meddler
          T     Galaxy Four
          U     The Myth Makers
          [  ]  Dalek Cutaway (Mission to the Unknown)
          V     The Daleks Master Plan
          W     The Massacre of Bartholomew
          X     Dr Who and the Ark
          Y     The Celestial Toymaker
          Z     Dr Who & The Gunfighters

This is where the erroneous titling of Serial C as "Beyond the
Sun" (really a working title for "The Mutants") comes from. 
These titles are basically the ones which were given on the BBC
Enterprises synopses sheets with a couple of minor variations and
a further truncation of Serial W to "The Massacre of Bartholomew"
(poor, poor Bartholomew).  The second version of this document
issued at around the same time has the following differences:

          C     No Title
          T     Galaxy 4

So basically somebody got cold feet over "Beyond the Sun". 
Notice how they don't even have the bottle to come up with
something for Serial A in the first place.  Cowards!


Right... time to backtrack a bit to 1972 when the _Doctor Who Fan
Club Monthly_  (later DWFC Mag) started to come out from Keith
Miller.  A regular feature in the early issues was a retelling
(from memory, aided by scraps of BBC information) of the earliest
adventures from nine years earlier under the title of "Dr Who -
In the Beginning" (later "Dr Who - From the Beginning"). 
Although the contents of the first two issues are not known,
Issues 3 to 7 (Apr-Aug 72) covered the second serial, "The
Mutants", and indeed a review of the Pertwee serial in Issue 4
commented "Oddly enough, this adventure has the same title as the
current story in 'Dr Who - In the Beginning'".  Issues 8 and 9
(Sep-Oct 72) contained "Edge of Destruction: Episode 1" and
"Brink of Disaster: Episode 2" indicating a lack of story title. 
Issue 9 then previewed and Issue 10 (Nov 72) contained "Dr Who
and Marco Polo".  However, at this point the format of the
magazine was to change, apparently because the incumbent star was
unhappy about the coverage given to his predecessors.  Issue 11
(Christmas 72) did however have a cover which named the first
serial as "Unborn Child".  This is now recalled by Jan
Vincent-Rudzki as an error on his part in informing Keith of some
of the results of his own research.  By Issue 18 (Oct/Nov 73),
Keith was also offering synopses retelling the old serials in the
DWFC Paperback Library which included "The Dalek Invasion of
Earth", "The Chase" and "The Dalek Master Plan" - suggesting a
source of BBC Enterprises material by this time.
     However, we've now caught up with ourselves in 1974 - Issue
20 (Jun/Jul 74) which (with the departure of Mr Pertwee) picks up
with the "Return of Dr Who - From the Beginning" and a quick
resume of the stories already covered (some of which hadn't in
fact been covered!).  Eschewing the incorrect titles from the
anniversary special, these were given as:

          A     Unearthly Child
          B     The Mutants
          C     No collective title
          D     Dr Who and Marco Polo
          E     The Keys of Marinus
          F     Dr Who and the Aztecs
          G     The Sensorites
          H     The Reign of Terror
          J     No title
          K     The Dalek Invasion of Earth 

...and sure enough it was with "Dalek Invasion of Earth" that
things resumed in Issue 21 (Aug/Sep 74), continuing with "Rescue"
in Issue 22 (Jan/Feb 75).
     Then, some time during Summer 1975, it appears that Keith
issued what was intended to be the first in a series of
mini-books, _The Doctor Who Mini Book_ which included an episode
guide.  This ran:

          A     No title
          B     The Mutants
          C     No title
          D     Marco Polo
          E     The Keys of Marinus
          F     The Aztecs
          G     The Sensorites
          H     Reign of Terror
          J     Planet of the Giants
          K     The Dalek Invasion of Earth 
          L     The Rescue
          M     The Romans
          N     The Web Planet
          P     The Crusades
          Q     The Space Museum
          R     The Chase
          S     The Time Meddler
          T     Galaxy 4
          [  ]  Dalek Cutaway
          U     The Myth Makers
          V     The Dalek Masterplan
          W     The Massacre
          X     The Ark
          Y     The Celestial Toymaker
          Z     The Gunfighters.

The title for J can be ignored as an error (the individual
episode title is also given as "Planet of Giants"), but the rest
of the list would tend to suggest an amalgam of the BBC
Enterprises synopses and the second edition of 1974's "A Quick
Guide to Dr Who".


     Although the Doctor Who Appreciation Society didn't open its
doors for trading until 1976, back in 1974 a young lad called J.
Jeremy Bentham was already compiling his own synopses sheets with
cast and credit details from _Radio Times_ researched at his
nearby fountain of knowledge, the National Newspaper Library at
Collindale.  Sure enough, some serials in the Sixties had story
titles given in the article, and others were mentioned in
newspapers.  Thus, he arrived at the following list:

          A     The Cavemen
          B     The Dead Planet
          C     The Brink of Disaster
          D     The Roof of the World
          E     The Keys of Marinus
          F     The Temple of Evil
          G     The Unwilling Warriors
          H     The French Revolution
          J     Planet of Giants
          K     Invasion Earth 2064 AD
          L     The Rescue
          M     The Roman Empire
          N     The Web Planet
          P     The Lionheart
          Q     The Space Museum
          R     The Chase
          S     The Meddling Monk
          T     Galaxy Four
          T/A   Mission to the Unknown
          U     The Trojan War
          V     The Master Plan
          W     The War of God
          X     The Ark
          Y     The Celestial Toymaker
          Z     The Wild West

Serial E came from the _Daily Mail_ item; Serials B, H, J, L, N,
P, Q, R, T, T/A, U and Z took their titles from the _Radio Times_
articles or aspects thereof.  Serials D, F towed the line with
the _Doctor Who_ special.  Serials C, G  ... S were the arbitrary
selection of episode titles.  Serial A was named "The Cavemen"
because there was no better title available and was purely as a
necessity.  Serial K was a derivation from the cinematic version:
"Daleks - Invasion Earth 2150 AD" (but he got the year wrong). 
Jeremy cannot recall how he came up with "The Roman Empire", "The
Master Plan", "The Ark" or "The Celestial Toymaker" and feels
that these may have been lucky guesses to convey the flavour of
the serial.


     Now when the DWAS set up shop, Jeremy was made head of
reference by virtue of all his research.  However, the original
President, Jan Vincent-Rudzki, recalls that he also had a set of
titles of his own which he had managed to acquire from bits and
pieces of BBC Enterprises material over the years - including
material from Keith Miller.  Early issues of what became the
society's magazine, _Tardis_, revealed that there was a great
deal of confusion about the Hartnell titles (largely due to the
_Doctor Who_ special), particularly amongst the younger fans who
were unaware that there had been individual episode titles up to
1966.  To clarify these problems, in Issue 10 (September 1976)
Jan printed a list of titles which hailed from a number of
sources, but now appear more accurate than Jeremy's unaided
attempts of two years earlier and were another major step forward
in charting the titles - while not 100% reliant on Keith's 1975

          A     No Title
          B     No Title
          C     No Title
          D     Marco Polo
          E     The Keys of Marinus
          F     The Aztecs
          G     The Sensorites
          H     The French Revolution
          J     Planet of Giants
          K     The Dalek Invasion of Earth
          L     The Rescue
          M     The Slave Traders
          N     The Web Planet
          P     The Lionheart
          Q     The Space Museum
          R     The Chase
          S     The Time Meddler
          T     Galaxy Four
          T/A   Mission to the Unknown
          U     The Myth Makers
          V     The Dalek Masterplan
          W     The Massacre
          X     The Ark
          Y     The Celestial Toymaker
          Z     The Gunfighters

In comparison to Jeremy's story sheets, Jan's titles seemed a lot
more realistic for Serials D, F, G, K, S, U, V, W and Z, although
there were clearly still problems with Serial M and the comment
(quite wisely in retrospect) that there were no titles for the
initial 13 episodes.
     Also in 1976, the first DWAS _Stinfo_ (STory INFOrmantion)
sheets were issued by Jeremy's department.  These were
effectively rewrites of some of the BBC Enterprises documents or
RNID synopses.  The first batch in September 1976 included "The
Brink of Disaster", "The Roof of the World", "The Rescue", "The
Romans", "Mission to the Unknown" - a mixture of Jeremy's own
assigned titles and one of Jan's corrected ones.


     The original April 1972 Piccolo imprint of this book by
Malcolm Hulke and Terrance Dicks had clearly seen the problem of
titles for the early serials coming a mile off - hence the
authors side-stepped the issue entirely by presenting the
Doctor's adventures as documents prepared by the Time Lords or
the Brigadier, and then by giving a story title of writer,
director, enemy and serial code without any names at all - and
omitting whatever T/A is (in fact the only titles in the whole
book are "Doctor Who and the Tenth Planet", "Invasion", "War
Games", "The Daemons", "The Wheel in Space", "The Sea Devils"). 
When Terrance Dicks came to revise the work for Target to publish
in December 1976, he decided on a more formal approach and
adapted his guide from the tenth anniversary _Doctor Who_
publication - only this time appending overall serial titles. 
This was very close indeed to Jan's list from _Tardis_ Issue 10,
the main changes being:

          A     An Unearthly Child
          B     The Dead Planet
          C     The Edge of Destruction
          K     Dalek Invasion of Earth
          M     The Romans
          P     The Crusaders
          V     The Dalek Master Plan

For the first three serials, Terrance retained the first episodes
as he had done previously (and if he was aware of "The Mutants"
for Serial B would clearly have avoided the confusion with Serial
NNN by not adopting this).  Serial P was presumably either from
the reverse of the second batch of BBC stills - or simply adopted
from Target's own reissue of the Muller novel.  Serials M and V
would appear to be simple corrections from the BBC Enterprises
synopses while Serial K can be put down to typesetting or
brevity.  Even more so than the _Tardis_ list, this was to become
the cornerstone for the series as it moved into the next phase -
the Fandom Years.
     The Making titles kept everybody happy for quite some time
in the late 1970s.  The Stinfo program from the DWAS continued
with "The Dalek Invasion of Earth", "The Dalek Master Plan" in
April 1977, "The Keys of Marinus" in July 1977, "Galaxy Four" in
August 1977, "The Chase" in May 1978, "The Sensorites" in
September 1978 and "The Time Meddler" in February 1979.  Target
published _Doctor Who and the Dalek Invasion of Earth_ in March
1977 (although in a throwback to the tenth anniversary special,
the interior pages noted this as being based on "Doctor Who and
the World's End").   Then towards the end of the decade, fandom's
sophistication increased and - largely thanks to the further
efforts of Jan and Jeremy - some of those scripts and photos and
bits of paper from a decade earlier began to be unearthed.  The
primary discoveries at this time were concerning the first three
serials - which nobody had ever been particularly happy with the
titles of anyway.  Apparently Mark Sinclair of the DWAS Drama
Group contacted Anthony Coburn shortly before Coburn died and was
informed that Serial A was called "The Tribe of Gum" (or even
"The Tribe of Orb").  In the meantime, Jeremy came into
possession of the initial "A Quick Guide to Dr Who" from 1974
which suggested "Beyond the Sun" for Serial C - and at a DWAS
Exec meeting at Jan's house it was generally agreed that this
title was likely to be the correct one over and above "The Edge
of Destruction" (Jan recalls that "Beyond the Sun" also appeared
on some Radiophonic Workshop documentation for this serial). 
"The Mutants" clearly came to light at this time too - but again
there was the problem posed by the Baker/Martin serial of 1972.  
As it was, when the _Stinfo_ on Serial A came out in August 1979,
it was headed "An Unearthly Child (The Tribe of Gum)".


      From October 1979, Jeremy directed the output of his
knowledge and research at Marvel Comic's latest assault on the
pocketmoney of the United Kingdom: _Doctor Who Magazine_.  Each
serial was storylined - to greater or lesser degrees - over one
or two issues and the titles matched _The Making of Doctor Who_
precisely with two exceptions - the received knowledge of Serial
C being "Beyond the Sun" and a strange insistence on Serial P
being "The Lion Heart".  By April 1980, the new editorial powers
deemed the feature as being of no interest to the perceived
market, and it expired after a heavily rewritten version of
"Galaxy Four".  Meanwhile back at the DWAS, Stinfos included "The
Celestial Toymaker" in May 1980, "The Massacre" in August 1980
and "The Ark" in February 1981 as the program was abandoned in
the favour of the revised Plotlines from David J Howe.


     With the business from Marvel, Jeremy had now been able to
get Cyber Mark Services off the ground and embark upon the
legendary reference work _Doctor Who - An Adventure in Space and
Time_, the first issue of which hit the streets of down-town
Blackpool in May 1980.  Each issue covered a different serial,
and the releases were generally monthly in nature.  Since the
first issue concentrated on the pilot, it was entitled "An
Unearthly Child" with the remaining three episodes in the second
release named "Tribe of Gum".   Serial B was now entitled "The
Daleks" - a fan assigned title because "The Dead Planet" was
clearly wrong, "The Mutants" was clearly confusing, and after all
this was what the Target book was called anyway wasn't it?
     Serial C was the - by now - regular "Beyond the Sun", but
something had turned up by early 1981 which made it clear that
Serial H was now "The Reign of Terror".  (I feel Serial E being
"Keys of Marinus" can be put down to oversized letraset than
anything else).  Jeremy was also now happy to go with Serial P as
"The Crusade".  Moving into 1982, Serial T/A included a note that
"Mission to the Unknown" was "otherwise known by the BBC title of
'Dalek Cutaway'" (adopted from the BBC Enterprises synopsis),
Serial V was "The Daleks' Master Plan", Serial W's technical
notes confusingly observed "Although referred to on the scripts
and storyline as 'The Massacre', all BBC scripts and
documentation concerning this serial also note its full title, in
brackets, as being 'The Massacre of St Bartholomew's Eve'" - and
Serial Z saw the only appearance of "The Gun Fighters".  During
this period, Target paperbacks issued _Doctor Who and the Keys of
Marinus_ in August 1980.
     A supplement to _An Adventure in Space and Time_ was offered
by 1982 in the form of the _Data-Files_ - more detailed versions
of Stinfos.  Although the first was untitled, the remainder
followed the standard CMS titles.  The series ran regularly
through the mid to late 1980s, although the final issue, "The
Time Meddler", did not emerge until 1992.

     Another very major work - not to mention labour of love -
was Jean-Marc Lofficier's _Programme Guide_, the first
incarnation of which (the May 1981 hardback) is easily my
favourite because it doesn't use overall serial titles on the
early stories at all (the way God ... or at least David Whitaker
... intended!).  The listing at the front of the first editions
again used the notion of listing first episode titles for
reference.  However, by the time of October 1981's paperback
issue, it had become necessary to add serial titles.  In the same
way that Jeremy's DWAS synopses and the 1976 Making of had
provided much of the basic research, Jean-Marc now tended to
adopt the titles from _An Adventure in Space and Time_ (thus he
gave Serial A as "An Unearthly Child" but noted "The Tribe of
Gum" as an alternate title for the final three episodes). 
However, Serial C reverted to "The Edge of Destruction", and
Jean-Marc (quite rightly as we now realise) noted that "Beyond
the Sun" was an erroneous alternative title.  Since CMS had only
got up to mid-second season at the time, the later titles appear
to derive from Making of, although Serial V is "The Dalek
Masterplan".  October 1981 also saw Target publishing _Doctor Who
and an Unearthly Child_.


     Peter Haining's first - and probably best - tribute book to
Doctor Who hit the shops in September 1983, and included not one
but two lists of story titles - a list of serials and also a
production personnel table akin to the one from the 1972 _The
Making of Doctor Who_.  Both of these were authored by Jeremy
Bentham, and - as you would expect - tended to use the titles
which he had placed on the covers of the CMS releases.  The
exceptions were that Serial A was now "An Unearthly Child or The
Tribe of Gum",  Serial B was "The Daleks (aka The Dead Planet)"
and Serial C was "The Edge of Destruction or Beyond the Sun"
(with the typographical errors on Serials E and Z tidied up). 
The same listing went on to make cameo appearances in both
_Doctor Who - The Unfolding Text_ in November 1983 and also
Jeremy's own _Doctor Who - The Early Years_ in May 1986.


     Hot on the heels of Haining came another very nice tribute
magazine from those awfully nice _Radio Times_ people who had
hired major fan and major record producer Ian Levine (who was
also aiding producer John Nathan-Turner with all matters of
continuity at the time) to write a piece entitled "Doctor Who - a
20-year voyage through eternity" which would name check
everything up to the then-unmade "The Twin Dilemma".  Ian's piece
began with "An Unearthly Child", "The Daleks", "The Edge of
Destruction" and then stuck to the generally accepted titles,
using the Making of variant "The Dalek Master Plan" for Serial V.
     Late 1983 also saw the DWAS starting to issue _Plotlines_
for Season 3.  The first of these, "Galaxy 4", was issued with a
cover which included titles such as "The Dalek Master Plan"
(again from Making) and interestingly "The Space Ark" (which
David Howe recalls he used as somebody had claimed to have seen a
can of film thus marked at the BBC film library - this was after
all close to what appeared in _Radio Times_ and, to my mind, on
the RNID release).  This batch were plagued with problems, with
only "Galaxy 4", "Dalek Cutaway - Mission to the Unknown", "The
Massacre" and "The Ark" (not "The Space Ark") released by 1986.  
     Target were also getting their act together over novelising
the earlier stories over this period, and the generally accepted
titles were again being used: _The Aztecs_ (May 1984), _Marco
Polo_ (December 1984), _The Myth Makers_ (April 1985), _The
Gunfighters_ (July 1985), _Galaxy Four_ (October 1985), _The
Celestial Toymaker_ (June 1986), _The Space Museum_ (January
1987), _The Sensorites_ (February 1987), _The Reign of Terror_
(March 1987), _The Romans_ (April 1987) and _The Massacre_ (June
1987).  September 1986 saw the publication of _The Doctor Who
File_, the third outing into Whodom by Mr Haining.  At the rear
of this book was a list of where all the adventures were set
entitled "The TARDIS Log"; this adhered generally to Jean-Marc's
listing, with Serial A as "An Unearthly Child", Serial C as "Edge
of Destruction" and Serial P as "The Crusaders".   


     David Saunders embarked upon this ambitious - and sadly
still-to-be-completed - glossary of Whoish terms for Piccadilly
Press, and the first volume, published in November 1987, included
a title index.  This too stuck close to JML's 1981 set of titles,
but adopted "The Tribe of Gum" for Serial A with an "(aka An
Unearthly Child)", followed Haining & Bentham for Serial B ("The
Daleks (aka The Dead Planet)") with Serial C sticking to "The
Edge of Destruction".  Serial V was given as "The Dalek Master
Plan" - in accordance with _The Making of Doctor Who_.

     W.H. Allen and Target were also still churning out the
goods: _The Rescue_ in August 1987, _The Time Meddler_ in October
1987 and _The Edge of Destruction_ in May 1988.  January 1988 saw
the first of Titan's _Doctor Who: The Scripts_, this debut
release being Serial A under the title of _The Tribe of Gum_.  In
this, John McElroy also refers to the title "100,000 Years
BC/100,000 BC" and indicates that it is unlikely that "An
Unearthly Child" was ever a title for the whole serial.  Haining
wrung the last drops of goodness out of the subject with _Doctor
Who - 25 Glorious Years_ in September 1988 which offered a
section entitled "Time Travels".  This again was almost an exact
duplication of Jeremy's notes of five years earlier, although
Serial A was simply "An Unearthly Child", Serial B purely "The
Daleks" and Serial C merely "The Edge of Destruction".
     Now, a fairly important article published in November 1988
within the pages of _The Frame_ Issue 8 was "The Origins of Who"
in which Stephen James Walker had done a lot of digging about the
formative months of the series - and was now stating that the
first serial "The Tribe of Gum" became "Dr Who and a 100,000 BC",
that the first Dalek story had the working title of "Dr Who and
the Mutants" and that the third was "Dr Who inside the
Spaceship".  Yes, Steve had been lucky enough to find a copy of
the Friday 1 November 1963 amendment document.  By now though,
fandom had been through a lot of chopping and changing on some of
these titles - and to be honest while two of these three new
names didn't actually sound that good, the third offered a
distinct clash with a much-despised Jon Pertwee serial (which has
actually always been one of my favourites).  This piece
indirectly led to Steve's wonderful and ground breaking "What's
in a Name?" which appeared in Issue 16 of _The Frame_ in November
1990.  In this, Steve was brave enough to tackle to we could
define the 'correct' title for the first time, citing precisely
documents which he had seen (notably the Friday 1 November
document) and also taking in the details on camera scripts (which
he had researched at the late lamented BBC script unit) and some
of the BBC Enterprises documentation.  Names such as "Dalek
Cutaway" and "The Massacre of St Bartholomew's Eve" were now
being put forward.  This was a superb work, and still worth
reading to this day.
     W.H. Allen and Target delivered some more firmly titled
adaptations with _The Edge of Destruction_ in May 1988, _The
Chase_ in July 1989 and _The Daleks' Master Plan_ spanning two
volumes in September/October 1989... with _Planet of Giants_
bringing up the rear in January 1990.  In the meantime BBC Video
had been busy getting their monochrome releases underway with
_The Daleks_ (guess they didn't read _The Frame_) in June 1989,
_An Unearthly Child_ (guess they definitely didn't read _The
Frame_) in February 1990, _The Dalek Invasion of Earth_ in May
1990 and _The Web Planet_ in September 1990 (with an associated
re-titled Target reissue of Mr Strutton's novel).  Of course,
seeing as how these are being issued by dear old Auntie itself -
it is a reasonable assumption to make that the Voice of Authority
has spoken.  As if to back them up, the Titan Script Book for
Serial B was also issued as _The Daleks_ in December 1989 -
although to Mr McElroy's credit there was a full explanation of
the alternative "The Mutants" title on Page 15.


     With the series pretty firmly dead, the time was ripe for
Jean-Marc to update his _Programme Guide_ once and for all - and
the December 1989 revision adopted some of the new thinking on
titles in noted asides.  Serial A was still "An Unearthly Child"
with the index adding "(aka The Tribe of Gum)".  Serial B was
still "The Daleks", but the entry concluded with a footnote
explaining about the problem with the real title, "The Mutants". 
Serial C remained "The Edge of Destruction" but the index also
offered "(aka Inside the Spaceship or Beyond the Sun)" - with no
indication any more that "Beyond the Sun" was incorrect.  Serial
V became "The Daleks' Masterplan" in this edition.  This listing
also appeared in Jean-Marc's two companion volumes with minor
changes.  1991's _Doctor Who - The Terrestrial Index_ adopted it
less the notes on B and C.  1992's _Doctor Who - The Universal
Databank_ had the list without the note on Serial B, with "Beyond
the Sun" as the only aka for Serial C and Serial V christened
"The Daleks Masterplan" sans apostrophe.


     Now, here's a funny thing ladies and gentlemen.  In 1990,
the BBC Broadcasting Research department decided to do a quick
assessment on the impact of _Doctor Who_ on ratings and with the
audience, and had one Samantha Beere compile a document entitled
"Doctor Who Audience Data" based on the BBC Audience Barometers
and the PasBs.  Admittedly the report has its shortcomings
(omitting "The Five Doctors" and having Colin Baker take over in
"Warriors of the Deep" just for starters!), but it does also use
serial titles for all the stories.  And God only knows where she
got these from.  Since she retains "The Lion Heart" for Serial P,
you'd imagine that she's had access to _Stinfos_ or _Tardis_ -
which seems unlikely.  But then if she'd been using these, where
does she get "The Daleks" from for Serial B?  Serial A is given
as "The Tribe of Gum", Serial C as "The Edge of Destruction" -
Okay, you can get those from several sources.  But she's also the
kosher BBC "Dalek Cutaway" for T/A - presumably off the PasB. 
Serial V is "The Dalek Master Plan"... but the one where you
suddenly stop is Serial X: "The Space Ark".  What has she been
reading?  The RNID synopses?  The DWAS Plotline cover?  What???
     June 1991 offered some more 'definitive' titling from BBC
Video when episodes of "The Crusade" and "The Celestial Toymaker"
popped up on _The Hartnell Years_.  A year later, the two
survivors from "The Dalek Master Plan" made their way onto
_Daleks - The Early Years_ in July 1992 - and in September 1992,
Carole Ann Ford recorded links for the ultimately unissued _The
Reign of Terror_.  _The Aztecs_ was also issued in November 1992.


     Then we get what is still a truly breathtaking book - the
first major publication from the triumvirate of David J Howe,
Stephen James Walker and Mark Stammers.  _Doctor Who - The
Sixties_ changed a lot of perceptions of the developing decade
when it hit the shops in October 1992.  With this work - and the
studies undertaken by Marcus Hearn for DWM in 1993/4 - all of a
sudden established and accepted facts were being challenged,
re-discovered and re-written more then ever before.  H-S-W went
their own way on titling, putting into effect the earlier
research and theories of Steve Walker with "100,000 BC" for
Serial A, "The Mutants" (usually referred to as "The Daleks" and
explained as such) for Serial B, "Inside the Spaceship" for
Serial C, the introduction of the numeral version of "Galaxy 4"
from the camera script and for Serial W "The Massacre of St
Bartholomew's Eve".  There was also a comment on how "Mission to
the Unknown" was also known as "Dalek Cutaway".  This series of
titles was refined by the team for _The Handbook: The First
Doctor_ in November 1994 - Serial B was given as "The Mutants"
and Serial DC as "Dalek Cutaway".  By this time, Marvel's DWM had
adopted the new titles as a standard set.  Further videotape
issues from the Beeb over this period were _The Chase_ in
September 1993, with _The Rescue/The Romans_ in September 1994. 
     David Brunt of the DWAS Reference Department had relaunched
the _Plotlines_ format as the _Index Files_ with "The Daemons" in
1993 - later Index Files concentrated on obscure or non-existent
serials such as "The Daleks' Master Plan" (January 1994), "Inside
the Spaceship" (February 1995), "Marco Polo" (April 1995), "The
Celestial Toymaker" (April 1996) and "The Crusade" (October 1996)
- adopting the H-S-W titles where necessary.


     With the latest revision of his volume, Jean-Marc found that
he was under no obligation to use the 'rediscovered' titles from
The Sixties - indeed, in a shrewd move by Peter Darvill-Evans,
Virgin factual book writers have always been allowed to use
whatever set of titles they personally hold as being either the
right ones or the most well known ones.  This time around, JML
retained the titles from his previous volume, but noting ("aka
The Tribe of Gum and working title 100,000 BC") in the index for
Serial A, retaining his footnote on "The Mutants" for Serial B,
and also noting the working title of "Inside the Spaceship" for
Serial C ("Beyond the Sun" seemed to have fallen by the wayside
at this point).  However, he retained "Mission to the Unknown"
and "The Massacre" while he had upgraded to "The Daleks' Master
Plan" in _The Universal Databank_.  This edition was published in
June 1994.
     Titan issued the script book for _Galaxy 4_ in July 1994,
followed by _The Crusade_ in November.  In his early 1995 book
_The Doctors - 30 Years of Time Travel_, Adrian Rigelsford was
happy to adopt the Howe-Stammers-Walker titles for Serials A, B,
C and W but retained "Mission to the Unknown" over and above
"Dalek Cutaway" for T/A; his version of T was "Galaxy Four".


     In a bold move, the authors of this May 1995 work decided on
a back-to-basics approach ... and to have some fun.  Tackling
the, by-then, controversial topic of The Title Problem head on,
Paul Cornell, Martin Day and Keith Topping stated in their
Introduction that "The only canonical titles are those that
appear on screen.  We remain that the proper title should remain
what the story is known as by most people ... 'An Unearthly
Child' is the democratically elected title for the first story,
reflected by the BBC in their video releases.  Calling it
anything else might be a mark of strict accuracy, but it could
also be a sign of elitism".  As a result of this, the debut
serials reverted to being "An Unearthly Child", "The Daleks" and
"The Edge of Destruction".  Serials T/A and W remained as
"Mission to the Unknown" and "The Massacre".  As such, the entire
work was in line with JML's contemporary fourth edition - and
also showed what an impact the second 1981 edition must have had
on the bulk of Doctor Who fandom in its formative years.
     Lance Parkin's _Doctor Who - A History of the Universe_ in
May 1996 adopts the H-S-W titles too apart from referring to
Serial B as "The Daleks" for the sake of clarity.  December 1996
saw a wonderful slant on the whole issue from Chris Howarth and
Steve Lyons in their hilarious _Doctor Who - The Completely
Useless Encyclopedia_: The Obligatory Doctor Who Episode Guide
considers "100,000 BC" and "The Tribe of Gum" for Serial A before
crossing them out in favour of "An Unearthly Child".  Serial B
passes through "The Mutants" and "The Dead Planet" before being
"The Daleks".  Serial C ends up at "The Edge of Destruction" via
"Beyond the Sun" and "Inside the Spaceship"... and after altering
"Journey to Cathay" to "Marco Polo" the authors quite rightly
declare "Oh, sod this for a game of soldiers..." and get on with
the book.
     In September 1997, _Doctor Who - The Book of Lists_ from
Justin Richards and Andrew Martin had an appendix on "The
Stories" which also follows H-S-W while noting that Serial B is
"The Mutants aka The Daleks".
     So - here we are almost 20,000 words later.  What have we
learnt?  Well - hopefully that it's a complete mess and that as
long as we all know what we're talking about - who cares?  The
one in Tombstone 1881 is still one of the funniest serials of all
- be it "The Gunfighters", "The Gunslingers" or "The Wild West". 
Last week I was again amazed at the first Dalek serial -
regardless of it being "Beyond the Sun", "The Mutants", "The
Survivors", "The Dead Planet", "The Daleks" or anything else. 
And I still find "The Sensorites" incredibly tedious - maybe a
title chance could liven it up.
     I am reminded of two things which very dear friends and
colleagues of mine have said to me on this subject.  Dr Martin
Wiggins, eminent academic and all round genius, commented in his
learned tones, "The issue, dear boy, is really one of whether
fandom perceives itself as being more important than the
programme it is appreciating, and hence able to ascribe its own
preferences over and above the documented historical facts". 
Kevin Davies, short, fat, hairy TV director immediately bubbled
into a frantic French and Saunders routine with "But... but
Jennifer!  It's all so trivial!!"
     If all the above has helped in any way to confuse the issue
still further, provoke outraged debate with associated
fist-fights in bars at conventions and raises more questions than
it answers, then I consider my efforts to have been well

(c) Copyright Andrew Pixley, 2001.

My thanks to the following people for help and inspiration on
this piece and its research: J. Jeremy Bentham, David Brunt,
Kevin Davies, David Gibbes-Auger, David J Howe, Richard
Molesworth, Jan Vincent-Rudzki, Stephen James Walker, Martin


1) Pixley, Andrew, "By Any Other Name," _Time Space Visualizer
(The Journal of the New Zealand Doctor Who Fan Club)_, Ed. Paul
Scoones, Issue #53/54 (21 March 1998), 49-74.

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