A QUESTION OF ANSWERS

By Andrew Pixley
15 January 2001


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This article is the longer original first draft of a similarly
titled article that originally appeared in Issue #53/54 of _Time
Space Visualizer_, the Journal of the New Zealand Doctor Who Fan
Club.[1]
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"Good day"

"Good day"

"Did you know that you've got four miles of tubing in your
stomach?"

"No ... no ... I didn't know that.  No"

"It's a good job I'm here then ..."

After many years of researching _Doctor Who_ and many other old
television and radio shows, you realise that the facts which you
uncover often lack a certain context - and are usually only
spewed up as disconnected statements akin to the immortal
Interesting Facts sketch by Peter Cook, in which Cook played the
ultimate trivia obsessive, E. L. Wisty - a man who wandered
around with a diagram of the human intestenes and a bewildering
array of information about giraffes, mosquitos, arabs and whales.
     In more recent years, my note taking in many libraries and
research facilities - alongside colleagues such as Stephen James
Walker, Marcus Hearn, Richard Bignell and Martin Wiggins - has
helped me to undercover many scraps of information about the
production of _Doctor Who_ which have given me immense
satisfaction, solved various mysteries and broken many myths. 
But Sod's Law dictates that whichever questions you set out to
solve, the answers which you find never match your original
objective.  The answers never fit the questions!  And often these
are answers to things we don't have questions for yet...
     For example, you go ploughing through Dudley Simpson's
personnel files in an attempt to ascertain when the music
recording on "The Claws of Axos" was done.  You can't find
anything on this, but a memo lodged there does reveal that a
payment had to be made to the Antipodean composer because of
damage to his car caused while working on _Doctor Who_.  What? 
Damage to a composer's car caused by _Doctor Who_?  Well,
indirectly yes.  Director Paul Bernard wanted to see Simpson on
the evening of Wednesday 1 November 1972 to discuss the music for
"Frontier in Space".  Episode 5 was being recorded that night in
Studio 3 at Television Centre, but when Simpson arrived he found
there were crowds and had problems parking as usual.  On
returning to his car after his discussion, he discovered that his
car had been vandalised by fans of the Osmond Brothers who were
recording an appearance on "Top of the Pops" elsewhere at TV
Centre.  Yeah, nice piece of silly trivia - but where does it fit
into the greater picture?  The answer is, it doesn't.  But we
store it up anyway.  There's no point in trying to sell an
article on Vehicular Damage Sustained by _Doctor Who_ Production
Team Members to Gary Gillatt on _Doctor Who Magazin_e.  But on
the other hand, one of the reasons that I've been part of the
Marvel/Panini team for so long is that I can discuss such trivia
with them and maybe submit odd extra facts to an article or
interview in a consultative capacity - most notably the "Ouch!"
selection of Katy Manning's mishaps which accompanied her
interview.
     So - rather than you asking the questions which might hit on
some of what E. L. Wisty would call "interesting facts", let me
ask the questions instead.  They're all bloody contrived to throw
up either a little bit of nonsense, another clue about a legend
or possibly a brick wall that we've hit and which seems
insurmountable.  It's also quicker in the long run, or we'll be
here all night.  Apart from that there's nowhere to print these
interesting facts.  
     Or if there is, nobody's told me about it.
     Or if they have, I've forgotten.
     What's the first serial called?  Good question - my personal
view is that it's very tricky to assign overall titles to any of
the episodes up to and including Serial Z.  The paperwork is
often contradictory and confused - titles used at the time of
production would be contradicted in other press information or
_Radio Times_.  Schedules from Tuesday 16 July 1963 to early
October 1963 gives the title pretty consistently as "Dr Who and
the Tribe of Gum" - as does the draft script of the pilot.   The
camera scripts however have no titles on them other than the
individual episode titles and all other paperwork refers to
"Series A" or "Serial A".  Then - horror of horrors - a publicity
document on the first 13 episodes dated Friday 1 November refers
to it as having a "working title only" of "Dr Who and a 100,000
BC".  "100,000 BC" is used as a descriptor on a schedule document
from March 1964 where other descriptors are "Planet Skaro
(Daleks)", "Inside Doctor's ship", "Marco Polo. 13th century",
"Planet Marinus", "Aztec.  5th century", "Mind Control", "16th
Cent. Spain after Armada", "Miniscule" and "Daleks threaten
earth".  Such descriptors may play a large part in the
confusion... as we shall see.  So, is "100,000 BC" the latest
title used?  No - Douglas Camfield's biography issued in
promotional material for "The Daleks' Master Plan" on Friday 1
October 1965 refers to the story as "Doctor Who in the Stone
Age".  Also - unfortunately - all the 1960s overseas
documentation I've seen refers to it as "The Tribe of Gum".  Not
wishing to get involved, the 1974 BBC Enterprises document "A
Quick Guide to Dr Who" says that Serial A has "NO TITLE".  So -
all in all - if I were you I'd use whatever name you're familiar
with.  All fans generally know that "100,000BC" is "The Tribe of
Gum" is "An Unearthly Child".  Basically all these things are
terms of reference - in our work _The Doctor Who Production Guide
Volume 2_ we arbitrarily use the titles at the time of production
to give some form of consistency, explaining our reasoning.  But
no... that one's anyone's guess.  I go for "100,000 BC" as the
title during production.
     So what do you call the first Dalek story then?  The
original title for the serial was "The Survivors", and this is
how it was titled on Terry Nation's storyline submission in early
July 1963.   A later document referring to a more detailed story
breakdown refers to it as "Beyond the Sun".  When the serial was
extended from six to seven episodes on 8 August 1963, it was
referred to as "Doctor Who and the Mutants".  The early October
schedule refers to it as "Mutants/Beyond the Sun" (wherever a
slash is used it seems that the first title replaces the second)
and the 1 November document has the "working title" of "Dr Who
and the Mutants".  The camera scripts again have no overall title
- just "Serial B".  Overseas sales documents also refer to it
consistently as "Dr Who and the Mutants" - as does the first BBC
Enterprises document for the first four stories and "A Quick
Guide to Dr Who".  I personally call it 'the first Dalek story'
as a rule when I refer to it in Marvel's Archives - partly to
avoid using "The Mutants" (which is confusing with the 1972
serial) and partly to avoid using "The Daleks" (a totally made up
and make believe title with no historical basis).  My notation is
a minor homage to the first of the _Dan Dare_ strips from the old
Eagle comic which also went untitled, but is referred to as 'the
first Venus story'.  In fact, given the narrative of the strip
(Dan Dare arrives on planet to find highly advanced inhuman
technocrats living in uneasy resentment with tall, blond
pacifists) this seems rather fitting...
     Any other clues on those early stories?  Not really -
there's an undated document from around May 1965 called "The
History of Doctor Who" which lists the first 19 serials and
quotes only one title: "The Keys of Marinus" for Serial E.
So where do these other titles come from?  Well - there was a
superb article about this - "What's in a Name?" - written by my
dear colleague Stephen James Walker in _The Frame_ Issue 16 in
November 1990.  Basically, this is a quick rundown.  Serial C:
The Friday 1 November promotional document caries the "working
title" of "Dr Who Inside the Spaceship" - it has no title on its
camera scripts but is confirmed as "Dr Who - Inside the
Spaceship" on paperwork on Monday 27 January and all overseas
sales documents.  "A Quick Guide to Dr Who" again chickens out
with "No Title".  "Serial D: No title" on the scripts - but
documentation between Thursday 18 July 1963 on Thursday 23
January 1964 refers to the serial as "Dr Who and a Journey to
Cathay", the early October 1963 schedule calls it "Marco
Polo/Cathay", Camfield's October 1965 biog titles it as "Doctor
Who and Marco Polo" and "A Quick Guide to Dr Who" has "Marco
Polo".  Serial E: The camera scripts are entitled "Doctor Who and
the Keys of Marinus" - confirmed by overseas sales documents up
to 1974.  Serial F: The camera scripts are headed "Doctor Who and
the Aztecs" - confirmed by all other paperwork.  Serial G: The
camera scripts read "Dr Who and the Sensorites" - confirmed by a
schedule dated Wednesday 20 May 1964 and overseas sales.  Serial
H: The camera scripts read "The Reign of Terror" - confirmed by
the May 1964 schedule, publicity photographs and overseas
paperwork, although oddly enough a piece of paper from 1965
refers to this as being a "made-up title" and _Radio Times_
refers to it as "Doctor Who and the French Revolution".  Serial
J: The camera and rehearsal scripts have no title, and paperwork
between May and August 1964 refers to it by the description/title
"Miniscule".  However, paperwork concerning the music on Thursday
20 August 1964 refers to "Doctor Who and the Planet of Giants" -
which is how it is referred to in subsequent paperwork ("The
Planet of Giants") and "A Quick Guide to Dr Who".  Serial K: The
serial was commissioned as "The Daleks" on Tuesday 17 March.  The
scripts again lack a title - the May 1964 schedule simply says
"Daleks" but by Wednesday 20 May there's a memo referring to "The
Return of the Daleks" (again - a descriptor?).  On Friday 28
August, paperwork refers to it as "Return of the Daleks" but by
Thursday 8 October it is "The Dalek Invasion of Earth".  Overseas
sales records refer to it as "Doctor Who and the Daleks" but "A
Quick Guide to Dr Who" has "Dalek Invasion of Earth" as do the
publicity photos.  Serial L: The draft scripts are called "Doctor
Who and Tanni" (again more of a descriptor than a title) and the
camera scripts have no title.  However, the publicity document
dated Friday 20 November 1964 refers to it as "Doctor Who and the
Rescue" - as do overseas documentation and publicity shot.  
     Serial M:  The camera scripts read "Dr Who and the Romans" -
as does overseas sales paperwork.  Serial N: This was
commissioned on Monday 28 September 1964 as "Doctor Who and the
Webbed Planet".  Paperwork in late 1964 refers to this as "The
Web Planet" and this is the title on January 1965's film
schedule, confirmed by "A Quick Guide to Dr Who" - although
strangely 1960s overseas sales usually refer to it as "Dr Who and
the Webbed Planet".  Serial P: Schedules from late 1964 refer to
this as "Doctor Who and the Crusade" - as does Camfield's October
1965 biog - and the camera scripts are titled "The Crusade". 
Oddly enough, the publicity shots issued in conjunction with the
first episode carry the title "Dr Who and the Saracen Hordes"
while those for the third use "Dr Who and the Crusades".  "A
Quick Guide to Dr Who" also has "Doctor Who and the Crusades" -
despite overseas sales again being the singular "The Crusade". 
Serial Q: The camera scripts carry the title "The Space Museum"
as does everything else - including the _Radio Times_.  Serial R:
The commission on Wednesday 16 December 1964 was for "Doctor Who
and the Daleks (III)" - another descriptor - and the storyline
was entitled "The Pursuers".  The camera script says "The Chase"
as does promotional photos/literature, the _Radio Times_ and "A
Quick Guide to Dr Who" - but overseas sales retain "Doctor Who
and the Daleks III".  Serial S: Some paperwork during production
refers to the serial as "Doctor Who and the Monk" and the scripts
have no titles.  "A Quick Guide to Dr Who" though has "The Time
Meddler" and overseas sales are for "Doctor Who and the Time
Meddler".  Serial T: A schedule from spring 1965 refers to this
serial as "The Chumblies" while one a few months later refers to
"Dr Who and the Chumblies".  The camera scripts are headed
"Galaxy 4" and _Radio Times_ titles it "Galaxy Four" - yet a memo
dated Thursday 14 October 1965, after transmission, still calls
it "Dr Who and the Chumblies".  "A Quick Guide to Dr Who" also
plumps for "Galaxy 4".  Serial T/A (or whatever): Can we come
back to this later boys and girls?  Serial U: The storyline was
entitled "The Mythmakers" and was commissioned as such on
Thursday 13 May.  Later it becomes "Doctor Who and the
Mythmakers" and then "The Myth-Makers" in June 1965 - but a
schedule sheet from Summer 1965 refers to it as "Dr Who and the
Trojan War" while a later version is "Dr Who and the Trojans"
(the title which _Radio Times_ used to promote the Synopses for
the Deaf).  There are no titles on the camera scripts - but BBC
Enterprises favour "The Myth Makers".  Serial V: A schedule from
summer 1965 refers to this by the descriptor "Dr Who and the
Daleks (Part IV)" and the commissions for both writers were
without titles.  Spooner's rehearsal scripts bear the title "The
Dalek Master Plan" (inner pages) or "The Daleks' Master Plan"
(front sheets).  Promotional material dated Friday 1 October 1965
is for "The Daleks' Master Plan" and overseas sales paperwork has
"Doctor Who and the Daleks Master Plan" (an 11 episode version). 
Unfortunately, none of the camera scripts have titles on their
front sheets.  Serial W: This was untitled at commission on
Friday 9 July 1965, but was entitled "The War of God" during its
two drafts in July and September/October 1965.  The summer 1965
schedule refers to this as "The Massacre of St Bartholomew"
(which is also on the publicity shots) and the camera scripts are
headed "The Massacre of St Bartholomew's Eve".  "A Quick Guide to
Dr Who" has "The Massacre of Bartholomew".  Serial X:  This was
commissioned on Thursday 27 May 1965 as "The Ark" and retained
this title through development to November 1965.  The camera
scripts front sheets have no title.  The BBC Synopses for the
Deaf call it "The Space Ark" while "A Quick Guide to Dr Who" and
the publicity shots go for "Dr Who and the Ark".  Serial Y: A
1965 schedule refers to "Dr Who and the Trilogic Game" - yet this
was commissioned as "The Celestial Toymaker" on Thursday 29 July
and retains this title in all other paperwork and on photographs. 
The camera scripts are entitled "Doctor Who and the Celestial
Toymaker" which overseas sales agree with.  Serial Z: The camera
scripts are headed "Dr Who and the Gunfighters" (or
"Gun-Fighters") which is how it was commissioned on Tuesday 30
November 1965 (and sold abroad), but paperwork from around late
December 1965/early January 1966 bears the title "Dr Who and the
Gunslingers".
     Was Terry Nation's _The Incredible Robert Baldick_ pilot a
proposed replacement for _Doctor Who_ in 1970?  No - it was one
of two ideas commissioned as potential pilots on 8 December 1971
(_The Incredible Doctor Baldick_ and _Beyond Omega_) and recorded
in August 1972.  This was Nation's first BBC script commission
since his episodes of "The Daleks' Master Plan" in 1965.
     Was there an extract from "The Massacre of St Bartholomew's
Eve" in the "30 Years in the TARDIS" documentary?  No - odd one
this which Kevin Davies and I found posted on the internet by
fans discussing the broadcast version of "30 Years in the TARDIS"
in November 1993.  Rather than assume a clip which they didn't
recognise was from an episode which they knew to exist but had
not seen, a number of viewers eagerly speculated how the shot of
Hartnell's Doctor walking along an avenue of poplar trees was
from "The Massacre of St Bartholomew's Eve" (rather than "Guests
of Madame Guillotine") and that a couple of lines of dialogue
from Polly, Ben and Jamie simply had to be from "The Highlanders"
as opposed to "The Underwater Menace - Episode 3".  The first
mistake also indicates the lack of knowledge of some Sixties
stories - despite reference material such as _STINFO_s,
_Plotlines_, audios, etc. - with regards where exactly would a
shot of the Doctor walking on location through the countryside
fit into the plot?  More on this later ...
     Did "The Abominable Snowmen" ever have a working title? 
Yes, but don't get exited.  It was commissioned as "Dr Who and
the Abominable Snowman".
     Did "The Tenth Planet" have to be rewritten to avoid William
Hartnell appearing with black actor Earl Cameron?  Doesn't look
like it - the character of Williams was one of the astronauts in
Zeus IV who was not present at Snowcap Base throughout his two
episodes.  Although Cameron has recalled not getting on that well
with Mr. Hartnell, the scripts were evidently not rewritten
because the character of Williams was written by Kit Pedler as a
Welshman.
     When was "The Krotons" originally scheduled?  Peter Bryant
commissioned Robert Holmes to write "Doctor Who and the Space
Trap" as a four-part serial on Tuesday 25 June 1968, with the
intention being to produce it between the last week of April and
the third week of May 1969.  This replaced a six-part serial -
the first episode of which had already been scheduled and
developed.  A four-part script by Dick Sharples entitled "Doctor
Who and the Prison in Space" (formerly "Doctor Who and the
Amazons") then fell apart in late September 1968 because of
disputes over rewrites which deviated from Sharples' agreed
storyline.  The main problem was that Frazer Hines had announced
he was leaving the series, and that Sharples was asked to
restructure his scripts to write Jamie out in Episode 4 while
also introducing the new character of Nik, created by the
production office.  Then Hines changed his mind, and was
contracted for Serial XX on Wednesday 9 October 1968.  The same
problems with Nik hit Brian Hayles' scripts for "Doctor Who and
the Seeds of Death" which he was writing in September/October
1968, necessitating significant rewrites by Terrance Dicks to the
final four episodes.
     So what was it that "The Krotons" was going to replace in
production in April/May 1969?  Whatever had the project number
2318/3047.  God knows!  Annoying isn't it?  Wouldn't it be an
interesting fact to know what that was, eh?
     Anything else to add?  Only that "The Prison in Space" was
in turn replacing "Dr Who and the Dreamspinner", a four-part
serial which had been commissioned from Paul Wheeler as a
breakdown on Friday 23 February 1968 with a first episode on
Wednesday 13 March, but abandoned as unsatisfactory for Serial WW
on Tuesday 9 April.
     Did Roy Denton ever appear in _Doctor Who_?  Yes - he was a
tribesman in the final three episodes of "100,000 BC", the
window-cleaner who collapses in "The Invasion - Episode Six" and
one of the extras in London in "Doctor Who and the Silurians -
Episode 6".
     Okay - maybe I should have asked did Roy Denton ever appear
in "The Massacre of St Bartholomew's Eve"?  Ah... no.  The really
interesting fact about this serial is that it would have been
Roy's only credited appearance as '1st Man' in 'Priest of Death'. 
His personnel file shows that he was contracted in the role of
'Fat Man' on Thursday 13 January 1966, but was taken ill after
three days of rehearsal on Wednesday 2 February 1966.  He was
replaced at short notice by Will Stampe who received the
on-screen credit when the episode was recorded on Friday 4
February.  However, because the programme details had already
gone to the _Radio Times_, Roy Denton has been credited in nearly
every reference work with playing '1st Man'.
     Why is Chicki played by two different actresses in "The
Macra Terror"?  Don't know.  Sandra Bryant was contracted as
Chicki on Wednesday 25 January 1967 for Episodes 1 and 4.  She
recorded Episode 1 on Saturday 4 March, and then on Friday 10
March a memo indicates that her agent has requested her release
from recording Episode 4 - presumably she either had a personal
commitment or a more prominent professional commitment such as a
film.  Karol Keyes was contracted to replace her on Tuesday 14
March for the Saturday 25 March recording.
     Who played the original Sarah Jane Smith?  Don't know -
that's a well-kept secret.  Barry Letts knows - but he is a
polite, sensitive and kind man who would never reveal something
like that, and I certainly wouldn't want to embarrass him by
asking.  There's nothing about this in the production file on
"The Time Warrior" - although other actors in the Pertwee era who
were contracted and not used have their paperwork present in the
files (Haydn Jones as the phone mechanic in "Terror of the
Autons", Andy Ho as Fu Peng in "The Mind of Evil", Susan Jameson
as Miss Morgan in "Colony in Space", Bill Weisner and Anthony
Jackson as Jones and the voice of Azal in "The Daemons", Steve
Kelly as an Ogron in "Day of the Daleks", David Purcell as Ssorg
in "The Curse of Peladon", Ann Michelle and Nicholas Mutton as
Lakis and Baby Benton in "The Time Monster").  Who else could be
likely candidates without going through every actress personnel
file in 1973?  How about Susan Jameson, whom Barry Letts has
mentioned often in interviews about wanting to cast?  Nope.  Or
maybe Fiona Gaunt, who then turns up in _Moonbase 3_ which was
made about the same time?  Nope.  Delving a bit deeper into
Elisabeth Sladen's personnel notes, we discover that she had her
first fittings on Wednesday 25 April but was not contracted as
Sarah Jane Smith until Thursday 3 May 1973 - four days before
filming began.  But then again, such late contracting is not
unusual.  Jackie Lane was signed for three serials on Wednesday
29 December 1965, nine days before her location shoot on
Wimbledon Common.  Anneke Wills and Michael Craze were contracted
on Thursday 26 May 1966, five days into shooting "The War
Machines".  Frazer Hines' contract was extended for "The
Underwater Menace" on Tuesday 13 December, the day before filming
began on location for the serial.  So - would there in fact even
be a contract issued for this unknown actress if regulars were
contracted so close to (if not after) their start date?
     So, was it viewer reaction that got Jamie secured on the
series?  Bit tricky since Frazer Hines started shooting "The
Underwater Menace" on Wednesday 13 December 1966 and Episode 1 of
"The Highlanders" went out on BBC1 on Saturday 17 December. 
However, it's possible the good reaction did ensure his
involvement on "The Moonbase" for which Hines was contracted on
Tuesday 10 January 1967 and which started shooting at Ealing on
Tuesday 17 January.  Incidentally, Fraser's original contract on
Wednesday 2 November 1966 was for "The Highlanders" but with
options on three more four-part stories.  One of the reasons he
was employed as Jamie was for his special skills in horse riding.
     Do you know how much people got paid?  Yes - but I'm not
telling you.
     Oh - go on!  No.
     Please!  All right - but no actual figures.  William
Hartnell did very well indeed - his salary per episode more than
doubled from 1963 to 1966 and ended up as being on more than
Troughton, Pertwee and Baker began on - in fact it was more than
the regulars on _Blake's 7_ were on over a decade later.  Most
companions - rising starlets - got a fraction of the Doctor's fee
unless they were established actors such as William Russell. 
Others had rapid increases as they became popular and established
- Frazer Hines' fee grew rapidly during his tenure, as did
Nicholas Courtney.  Tom Baker joined the series on half of Jon
Pertwee's final wage.
     Did Mervyn Haisman and Henry Lincoln use a pen-name on "The
Dominators" because of the disagreements over the Quarks?  No, it
was because, having delivered the first five episodes of "The
Dominators" - which it has recently transpired never had the
working title of "The Beautiful People" - producer Peter Bryant
told Haisman and Lincoln to abandon the final episode while they
were still writing it as he had already got script editor Derrick
Sherwin restructuring the completed scripts.  The writers were
paid for all six episodes, but felt angry about the way they were
treated. 
     Which bit of "The Trial of a Time Lord" was called "The
Ultimate Foe"?  It was the original commissioning title of the
Vervoidy bit from Parts Nine to Twelve.  Pip and Jane Baker were
commissioned for these four episodes on Thursday 6 March 1986
after other stories like Christopher H. Bidmead's "Pinacotheca"
(aka "The Last Adventure", which, seeing as how CHB doesn't
recall this, is probably a descriptor) and David Halliwell's "End
of Term" had fallen through.  However, the Bakers don't recall
the title "The Ultimate Foe"... but then again they don't recall
being commissioned for a storyline called "Gallifrey" which they
were on Monday 11 March 1985.  They always refer to their
four-part narrative as "The Vervoids" - a title which doesn't
appear on any scripts or documentation.  By April, the umbrella
title of "The Trial of a Time Lord" had been decided upon, thus
the rehearsal scripts are headed - for example - Serial 7C
Episode 10 (7C-Ep 2): 'The Trial of a Time Lord'.  This is the
format of titling used on all six scripts of Serial 7C (seven if
you count the unused Eric Saward Part Fourteen) - the OB
schedules refer to Serial 7C - Episodes 5 & 6.  In comparison,
Robert Holmes' scripts are titled Doctor Who 7A: 'The Mysterious
Planet' (W/T) and Philip Martin's are headed Serial 7B Episode 5:
'Mindwarp' (W/T) on the rehearsal scripts with the camera scripts
retaining the subtitles and adding "The Trial of a Time Lord". 
"Time Inc." was the title under which Robert Holmes was
commissioned for the concluding two episodes on Tuesday 4
February 1986 - but, as explained above, never seemed to make it
to his scripts.  Then, to add to the confusion, the Vervoid
serial and the two wrap-up episodes were made together as Serial
7C.  The OB recording for Parts Thirteen and Fourteen was done
first between Monday 23 June and Friday 4 July 1986, then the
first studio session (Wednesday 16 and Thursday 17 July) was
spent finishing Parts Thirteen and Fourteen as well as doing all
the trial scenes for the Vervoid narrative, and the Vervoid
storyline was concluded in sessions two and three (Wednesday 30
July to Friday 1 August and Tuesday 12 August to Thursday 14
August).
     Is the screen image of Patrick Troughton in "The Three
Doctors - Episode One" from "The Macra Terror"?  No - still get
asked this one.  This myth's been kicking around since about 1980
and I haven't a clue how it started.  There seems to be little
doubt that the Hartnell shot wasn't specially made (apart from
one chap I met who swore blind it came from "The Smugglers"). 
However, people are convinced that the shot of Troughton running
away through the smoke comes from "The Macra Terror" - despite
the fact that Troughton never did any outdoor filming on that
story.  When you challenge these true believers to identify which
exact bit of "The Macra Terror" this is, they say "It's the bit
where he's running away from the colony" and you then have to
point out to them that there's no such scene in the story
(despite the fact they've probably got the BBC Radio Collection
release - see my earlier comments on "The Massacre"...).  The
PasB document for "The Three Doctors - Episode One" shows that
Troughton appears in a specially shot film sequence - which has
to be this back-projection element.    
     Did The Myth Makers have to get rewritten so that William
Hartnell never had to appear with gay Jewish actor Max Adrian? 
No - wrong again.  These tales of Mr. Hartnell's prejudices
interfering with his work have been blown out of all proportion. 
Donald Cotton's original scene breakdown for "The Mythmakers" is
very close to the finish version for the first three episodes,
although the final episode is very different (with the Doctor
talking to Mike and Vicky in morse code from the horse, Helen
reunited with Menaleaos and no mention of Katarina).  However, at
no point even in the synopsis - let alone the scripts - did the
Doctor meet King Priam, regardless of who was playing him!  So
no, another myth of prejudice.  And to nail another rumour,
Hartnell did appear with black actors - most notably a very good
scene in "The Smugglers - Episode 3 played out with actor Elroy
Josephs.
     Why is the cliff-hanger to Part Three of "Death to the
Daleks" so useless?  Because it's not meant to end there - it
should have ended where the Doctor and Bellal are in the alcove
in the city wall with the Daleks about to sweep around the corner
and capture them, but Part Four over-ran and some of the material
for that episode had to be pulled back into Part Three, creating
a less-than-terrifying cliff-hanger involving a patterned floor.
     How did this long scene with the food machine which Dennis
Spooner cut from "The Power of the Daleks" fit in to the plot? 
It didn't - there wasn't a scene with the food machine.  The
sequence which this legend refers to is actually one set in the
Vulcan colony's medical room in David Whitaker's rehearsal script
for "Doctor Who and the Power of the Daleks - Episode 3: Servants
of Masters".  Ben and the Doctor enter the room where they had
arranged to meet Polly at 14.00 hours.  The Doctor says that the
medical check they are to undergo is un-necessary as "I haven't
felt better for - let's see - two hundred and fifty years!"  Ben
tries the health testing machine first and is found to be fit -
"Almost as fit as I am!" says the Doctor.  When Doctor Who uses
the machine, the lights flash ominously and a buzzer sounds.  Ben
says that this shows the Doctor isn't fit - but the Doctor
explains "This wouldn't work for me.  I'm seven hundred and fifty
years old."  "Oh yes," says Ben.  "I thought you'd just been
around?  Must have shed a few hundred mustn't you?"  "Plasticine,
Ben, is still plasticine - whatever shape you change it to", says
the Doctor as he exits.  The sequence fits in after the scene
where Janley lures Polly to the communications room.
     What's this about Mike Reid of _EastEnders_ and _Runaround_
fame being in _Doctor Who_?  Yes - that's right.  Reid used to be
stuntman and heavy in the 1960s and featured on shows like _The
Avengers_ and _The Baron_ shot at Elstree studios.  He can (or
rather could have) be seen as a Greek soldier in 'Death of a
Spy', a guard in 'Bell of Doom' and as a soldier in Episodes 3
and 4 of "The War Machines".  Oh, and Bella "Blunderwoman" Emberg
from the Russ Abbot shows can be glimpsed as the second nurse to
leave Wenley Hospital at the start of "Doctor Who and the
Silurians - Episode 6" and as a kitchen hag in "The Time Warrior
- Part Four".
     Are Ted Lewis and Ted Willis the same person?  No -
definitely not.  This confusion arises from unmade "Key to Time"
serials for Season Sixteen.  The BBC Drama Scripts Classified
List dated Monday 13 March 1978 indicates that there were six
active writers working on _Doctor Who_: Douglas Adams ("The
Pirate Planet" - delivered on Thursday 26 January), Bob Baker,
Dave Martin (who had delivered the "Armageddon" storyline on
Monday 19 December), David Fisher ("The Stones of Time" -
commission Tuesday 10 January), Robert Holmes ("The Galactic Con
Man/The Ribos Operation", delivered by Monday 6 February) and Ted
Lewis.  Ted Lewis was a thriller writer, whose best-selling 1970
novel _Jack's Return Home_ was filmed as the classic British
gangster film _Get Carter_ with Michael Caine.  After a number of
other novels - including some Jack Carter prequels - Lewis' life
fell into turmoil when his marriage disintegrated and his
drinking worsened.  From around 1976, most projects failed to get
off the ground.  He wrote some of the later episodes of _Z Cars_
and was commissioned on a _Doctor Who_ serial.  He wrote the
first episode, had to rewrite it, was completely drunk when he
delivered the rewrite and was never asked back by Graham Williams
and Anthony Read.  He died of a heart-attack in 1982.  Ted Willis
on the other hand created a stream of notable television series
such as _Dixon of Dock Green_, _Sergeant Cork_, _Taxi_, _Mrs
Thursday_, _Virgin of the Secret Service_, _Hunters Walk_ and
_Crimes of Passion_.  His 1991 autobiography, _Evening All_,
fails to mention any connection with _Doctor Who_, Graham
Williams or Anthony Read.  However, despite the fact that Willis'
name does not seem to appear in connection with _Doctor Who_ on
any BBC documentation, Adrian Rigelsford uncovered a set of notes
for a four-part storyline "The Lords of Misrule" which featured
in the 1995 _Doctor Who Summer Special_ from Marvel.
     Is William Hartnell in Episode 3 of "The Savages"?  Yes - he
certainly is.  However, he has no coherent lines of dialogue,
just spends most of the time lying on an operating table in
Senta's laboratory and then stumbles down a corridor groaning a
bit in the final scenes.  Incidentally, the first few scenes of
Episode 4 of "The Savages" were also recorded that evening
directly afterwards which meant that the dry ice gas only had to
be used on one recording session.  Isn't that interesting? 
Hartnell is also present for the recording of 'The Singing
Sands', although he had been unwell that week and his material
was reduced to a couple of lines in one scene.  The recordings
where Hartnell was absent are 'The Screaming Jungle' (first week
of a fortnight's holiday given to all the regulars; he does not
appear), 'The Snows of Terror' (second week of above; ditto),
'The End of Tomorrow' (an extra week's leave granted after an
accident on set the previous week; the script is reworked so that
Edmund Warwick collapses as a double for Hartnell in the opening
scene and Hartnell is on the filmed reprise only); 'The Search'
(scheduled holiday for Hartnell who appears in the filmed reprise
only); 'The Meddling Monk' (scheduled holiday with Hartnell in
filmed reprise and providing pre-recorded off-screen dialogue);
'Mission to the Unknown' (extra episode allocated to recording
block, structured without the regular cast); 'The Sea Beggar'
(scheduled holiday with Hartnell appearing in one film sequence
as the Abbot of Amboise); 'The Hall of Dolls' (scheduled holiday;
Hartnell heard in pre-recorded dialogue and Albert Ward doubling
as the Doctor's hand); 'The Dancing Floor' (second week of
holiday; Hartnell totally missing with Ward again as hand
double); "The Tenth Planet - Episode 3" (Hartnell written out of
episode at short notice because of health problems, possibly heat
exhaustion).
     What about Troughton?  Okay... Mr Troughton's weeks off from
recording were "The Evil of the Daleks - Episode 4" (pre-filmed
only in the Dalek computer room set); "The Web of Fear - Episode
2" (filmed reprise only); "The Wheel in Space - Episode 2"
(doubled for by Chris Jeffries as a comatose Doctor); "The Seeds
of Death - Episode Four" (doubled for by Tommy Laird - again
comatose); "The Space Pirates - Episode Six" (all sequences
pre-filmed as this recording coincided with location shooting on
"The War Games"). 
     Where was "The Laird of McCrimmon" due to fit into the final
Troughton season?  It doesn't.  After the first two Yeti serials,
Peter Bryant had agreed that Haisman and Lincoln owned the Yeti -
and indeed payments had to be made when a Yeti appeared on the
back of the World Distributors _The Dr Who Annual_ in October
1968.  The storyline was never commissioned formally, and on
Monday 15th July 1968 there was correspondence from the writers
confirming that Bryant had indicated that there was no more life
in the Yeti anyway, and also a letter from the BBC saying that
unless Haisman and Lincoln agreed to their terms over the Quarks,
neither Quarks or Yeti would return to the series.  
     Why does Patrick Troughton have a sticking plaster (band-
aid) on his finger on all those colour photographs for "The Power
of the Daleks"?  Because while camera rehearsing Episode 1 of the
serial at Riverside on Saturday 22 October 1966, he cut his
finger on the edge of a steel tape measure with which he was
measuring a rock on Vulcan.  This was replaced by a fabric tape
measure for the actual recording.  The BBC have to keep a record
of all such accidents for legal reasons.
     So you'll know when William Hartnell got hit by this camera
then?  Yes - Mr Hartnell was hit on the shoulder by a molecrane
camera at 6.10pm on Friday 17 September 1965 during rehearsals
for 'Temple of Secrets'.  He was also famously dropped from a
stretcher on Friday 2 October 1964 during rehearsals on 'Day of
Reckoning'.   Jacqueline Hill bruised her knuckles throwing bombs
through a window frame on 'The Daleks' the previous week and
suffered from shock when firing the rocket gun in 'Desperate
Measures' on Friday 11 December 1964.  Michael Craze fell through
a trapdoor while rehearsing "The Smugglers - Episode 4" at
Riverside on the morning of Friday 29 July 1966.  Frazer Hines
burnt his left arm on a smoke machine in the TARDIS prop during
"The Wheel in Space - Episode 1" on Friday 5 April 1968 and
grazed his arm on an IE guard's helmet during a struggle when
recording "The Invasion - Episode 2" on Friday 27 September 1968. 
Jon Pertwee injured his left leg falling off the motorbike while
filming "The Daemons" on Tuesday 20 April 1971, bruised his ribs
falling on a "six inch metal tube in his breast pocket" (i.e. the
sonic screwdriver) while flinging himself on barbed wire for "The
Sea Devils" on Wednesday 27 October 1971, and banged his left
knee when he slipped on the peated floor of Spiridon on Monday 19
February 1973 while recording "Planet of the Daleks".  Elisabeth
Sladen sprained her right ankle running the muddy sands of
Exxilon on the afternoon of Friday 16 November 1973, got a few
drops of inhibisol in her left eye while recording the melting
door scene for "The Monster of Peladon - Episode Five" on Tuesday
26 February 1974, and was of course nearly drowned when forced to
jump from an out of control Gizzla speed-boat at "Revenge of the
Cybermen"'s Wookey Hole on Wednesday 20 November 1974.  Oddly
enough, Tom Baker's cracked collar bone doesn't merit an accident
report and Katy Manning's many mishaps were documented in DWM.

    Was the original version of "The Claws of Axos" an eight part
story?  No, it was commissioned originally on Monday 1 December
1969 by Terrance Dicks as a first episode script for a six-parter
called "Doctor Who and the Gift".  This was delivered on Monday 6
April 1970 and formally rejected on Friday 17 April.  However,
from this, "The Friendly Invasion" storyline was commissioned on
Monday 6 April - this was again a six parter.  It becomes a
four-part story when recommissioned as scripts entitled "The
Axons" on Friday 11 September 1970.
     What happened to the Doctor in 'The Abandoned Planet'?  God
knows - the Doctor is meant to appear throughout the whole
episode, but suddenly seems to vanish after the opening scenes of
the episode.  Production paperwork on Monday 13 December 1965
shows that the Doctor was active in the whole programme - joining
Steven and Sara as they ventured into the Dalek headquarters. 
Basically, the Doctor's dialogue is given to Steven while some of
Steven's is given to Sara.  Unlike 'The End of Tomorrow' however
- where the Doctor is still present in the camera script despite
Hartnell's absence - the camera script for 'The Abandoned Planet'
has been reworked before recording to eliminate him from the bulk
of the action.  In 'Destruction of Time', he then just wanders in
calmly after the Daleks have set off to exterminate Chen.  The
rehearsal script for 'A Switch in Time' (the working title of
'Destruction of Time' up to around Wednesday 5 January 1966)
shows that the Doctor has been captured by Chen along with Steven
and Sara at the end of 'The Abandoned Planet'.  
     What was the original title of "The Three Doctors"?  Ahhhh -
that's a really interesting fact!  Hate to tell you this, but it
was "The Three Doctors" - the working title arose from the
production team's description of it as the 'Three Doctors'
serial.  During writing and filming it became "The Black Hole",
but then reverted back to the descriptive title before
transmission.  Oh yes, and unfortunately "Planet of the Daleks"
similarly began life on Friday 21 April 1972 as "Planet of the
Daleks", became "Destination Daleks" when the scripts were
commissioned on Thursday 11 May and then reverted again before
production.  The one new working title for the Pertwee era I have
found from the writers files is that "The Monster of Peladon" was
commissioned on Thursday 4 January 1973 as "Return to Peladon"
and retained that title through to commissioning of scripts on
Thursday 12 July.  This was another Hayles serial that Dicks had
to have rewritten in its later stages.
     Is Lethbridge-Stewart hyphenated or not?  Yes and no.  Yes,
he's hyphenated on "The Web of Fear", "The Invasion" and
"Spearhead from Space"... but the hyphen vanishes with "Doctor
Who and the Silurians" through to "Terror of the Zygons". 
"Mawdryn Undead" and "The Five Doctors" evade the issue by
billing him as 'The Brigadier' - and both have documentation with
and without the offending punctuation.  Then finally the hyphen
returns for "Battlefield".  
     What is the serial code of "Dalek Cutaway"?  This one seems
to change every week.  In the old days, it was Serial T/A - pure
and simple... but that was also in the days when we just called
it "Mission to the Unknown".  Then things got complicated. 
"Dalek Cutaway" - itself more of a description than a title, see
my comments above about early serial titles - first hailed from
the PasB for the episode which gives the title as "DR WHO 'DALEK
CUTAWAY - MISSION TO THE UNKNOWN'" but unfortunately no serial
code.  However - are PasB's reliable?  You can also find PasBs
for "The Destructors", "The Return of the Cybermen" and "Inferno
Episode Nine" (tx: Saturday 21 June 1969).  Okay, so let's look
at the camera script.  This is entitled "DOCTOR WHO: Mission to
the Unknown" with the heading "Dalek Cutaway" typed in the left
margin.  However, somebody at a later date has hand-written
Series 'T' Ep:4 over the front sheet.  Then of course a memo
entitled "The History of Doctor Who" lists all the serials up to
this one-off episode for John Wiles and Donald Tosh - this gives
the serial code as "Serial DC: written by Terry Nation.  A one
part Dalek cut-away involving none of our principals ...".  So,
that's it then.  It's Serial DC.  Nope - 'cus this document dates
from around May 1965 and there are design drawings -reproduced in
_Doctor Who: The Early Years_ - which refer to "Dalek Cutaway" as
T/A Episode 1 drawn on Friday 9 July.  So DC became T/A - the
episode being made by the same production team as "Galaxy 4". 
Yes, but then it changed again.  Another design drawing produced
on Tuesday 20 July refers to the episode as Serial T Episode 5.  
Then again, the wipe order on the episodes' original videotape on
Thursday 17 July 1969 (which does not seem to have been carried
out) and in August 1974 (which does) refer to it as Serial Ta. 
As usual, BBC Enterprises' 1974 "A Quick Guide to Dr Who" loses
its bottle and assigns no serial code at all to "Dalek Cutaway
(Mission to the Unknown)".  In other words - a right bloody mess.
     Who did write the unused storyline "The Cerebroids"?  That
was Charlotte and Dennis Plimmer who were commissioned for the
six-part storyline on Sunday 14 June 1970 after an earlier
seven-part storyline - "Doctor Who and the Shadow People" - had
been delivered at the time of commission on Monday 10 November
1969.  "The Cerebroids" was written off as unusable on Monday 29
June 1970.
     Do you have any missing episodes?  'Fraid not - I've checked
the garage (twice), the cupboard under the stairs and even had
the fridge out from against the wall.
     Anything else you'd like to add?  Well, Serial 4D was
commissioned as "Revenge of the Cybermen" on Wednesday 15 May
1974 and not as "Return of the Cybermen"... the first ITV
programme scheduled against _Doctor Who_ was a thriller with
scientific overtones called _Emerald Soup_ which was written by
Martin Woodhouse who had been in dispute with the BBC in July
1963 over them nicking his proposed programme format _The Time
Travellers_ for _Doctor Who_... the Daleks did a dance routine
with the George Mitchell Minstrels on the 12 December 1964
edition of _The Black and White Minstrel Show_... the reformat
document for _Doctor Who_'s seventh season indicating a change of
Doctor, the introduction of UNIT and Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart
and the creation of Liz was issued on New Year's Eve 1968... the
John Lucarotti version of "The Ark in Space" was called "The Ark
in Space"... the Daleks appeared on _The Sky at Night_ in April
1968... if Terry Nation wasn't prepared to play ball with the BBC
over the use of the Daleks in _Out of the Unknown: Get off my
Cloud_ than the BBC were going to use the Cybermen instead...
Gerry Davis did the final drafts of "The Tenth Planet" Episodes 3
and 4 because Kit Pedler had been admitted to St George's
Hospital in Tooting... the six-part Robert Sloman serial that
became "The Time Monster" was commissioned as a storyline
entitled "The Daleks in London" on Tuesday 25 May 1971... Bill
Strutton delivered an unused four-part storyline called "The
Mega" on Friday 25 September 1970... David Whitaker never
delivered any versions of "The Carriers of Death" Episodes 4 to 7
at all, they were written from scratch by Malcolm Hulke from his
storyline delivered Monday 9 June 1969 (oh yes, this was meant to
be Serial BBB)... Wendy Padbury and Frazer Hines were celebrity
helpers with the games on _Christmas Crackerjack_ recorded
Thursday 19 December 1968... William Hartnell wrote to Derek
Martinus on Wednesday 24 August 1966 saying that he wished the
director to stop the other artistes from playing ping-pong during
rehearsals on "The Tenth Planet" as he needed to compose his
thoughts... Jon Pertwee was the celebrity judge on _Bruce Forsyth
and the Generation Game_ recorded on Tuesday 16 November 1971...
Maureen O'Brien was contracted on Friday 9 October 1964 to play
'Susan' because they hadn't settled on a new character name
yet... John Levene appears in the title sequence of _Paul Temple_
and took part in Douglas Camfield's "Colour Familiarisation
Production Exercise" in October 1967... Roger Delgado was
contracted as 'Renegade Time Lord' on Monday 23 March 1970...
Terence Woodfield donned his Celation costume to read out the
letters addresses on the Friday 4 February 1966 edition of
_Junior Points of View_... "The Web of Fear" was originally
scheduled as Serial SS... two 'Dahleks' appeared on the Roy
Kinnear sitcom _A World of His Own_ transmitted Friday 21 August
1964, the script being written by Dave Freeman who was an
associate of Terry Nation's from the radio comedy _Floggitt's_ in
1956... recording of "The Sea Devils" on Monday 15 November 1971
was filmed and shown as part of a schools programme, _TV Club_,
on Monday 21 February 1972... a half-hour adaptation of the Aaru
movie _Daleks - Invasion Earth 2150AD_ was broadcast on the _BBC
Light Programme_ on Friday 18th November 1966... Bernard Cribbins
featured a Doctor Who sketch on his comedy show on Saturday 27
February 1965 and in 1974 was interviewed by Barry Letts to
replace Jon Pertwee... Shaw "keep 'em peeled" Taylor was the
announcer for the trailer of 'Four Hundred Dawns' screened at 8pm
on Friday 10 September 1965... as early as Thursday 5 December
1963, _Doctor Who_ was voted second favourite programme by
viewers of _Junior Points of View_ (behind _Z Cars_) ... Kit
Pedler took part in a discussion programme on the BBC's _Third
Programme_ entitled "Of Ombudsmen and Cybermats" on Thursday 5
June 1969... and that the fees of the school children from the
Cororna Stage School on the pilot came to 56 UK Pounds.  Now
aren't those interesting facts.
     Shall I tell you something?  You're one of the most boring,
tedious, uninteresting, monotonous people I've ever heard!  Is
that a fact?  How very interesting.


(c) Copyright Andrew Pixley, 2001.


                           Endnotes
--------------------------------------------------------------

1) Pixley, Andrew, "By Any Other Name," _Time Space Visualizer
(The Journal of the New Zealand Doctor Who Fan Club)_, Ed. Paul
Scoones, Issue #53/54 (21 March 1998), 39-49.


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